Longwen Deng

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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the etiologic agent of acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS). Following entry into the host cell, the viral RNA is reverse transcribed into DNA and subsequently integrated into the host genome as a chromatin template. The integrated proviral DNA, along with the specific chromatinized environment in which(More)
Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB transcription factors are involved in the control of a large number of normal cellular and organismal processes, such as immune and inflammatory responses, developmental processes, cellular growth, and apoptosis. Transcription of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genome depends on the intracellular environment where(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is the causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), a disease characterized by CD4+ T lymphocyte depletion. HIV-1 replicates actively in a variety of cells by encoding several regulatory (Tat and Rev) and accessory (Vpr, Vif, Vpu, and Nef) proteins. Accessory proteins, thought initially to be(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein recruits positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) to the transactivation response (TAR) RNA structure to facilitate formation of processive transcription elongation complexes (TECs). Here we examine the role of the Tat/TAR-specified cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) kinase activity in(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), Tat protein activates viral gene expression through promoting transcriptional elongation by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). In this process Tat enhances phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNAPII by activating cell cycle-dependent kinases (CDKs) associated with general transcription factors of the(More)
PMCA2, a major calcium pump, is expressed at particularly high levels in Purkinje neurons. Accordingly, PMCA2-null mice exhibit ataxia suggesting cerebellar pathology. It is not yet known how changes in PMCA2 expression or activity affect molecular pathways in Purkinje neurons. We now report that the levels of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1),(More)
Recent proteomic applications have demonstrated their potential for revealing the molecular mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration. The present study quantifies cerebellar protein changes in mice that are deficient in plasma membrane calcium ATPase 2 (PMCA2), an essential neuronal pump that extrudes calcium from cells and is abundantly expressed in(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the etiologic agent of AIDS. Following entry into the host cell, the viral RNA is reverse transcribed into DNA and subsequently integrated into the host genome as a chromatin template. Chromatin structure may be responsible for silencing retroviral gene expression. Transcriptional activation occurs after(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) are associated with Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection. The viral transactivator, Tax is able to mediate the cell cycle progression by targeting key regulators of the cell cycle such as p21/waf1, p16/ink4a, p53, cyclins D1–3/cdk(More)
The HIV type 1 (HIV-1) Tat protein stimulates transcription elongation by recruiting P-TEFb (CDK9/cyclin T1) to the transactivation response (TAR) RNA structure. Tat-induced CDK9 kinase has been shown to phosphorylate Ser-5 of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) C-terminal domain (CTD). Results presented here demonstrate that Tat-induced Ser-5 phosphorylation of(More)