Longlong Xia

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Denitrification is the primary process that regulates the removal of bioavailable nitrogen (N) from aquatic ecosystems. Quantifying the capacity of N removal from aquatic systems can provide a scientific basis for establishing the relationship between N reduction and water quality objectives, quantifying pollution contributions from different sources, as(More)
Knowledge-based nitrogen (N) management, which is designed for a better synchronization of crop N demand with N supply, is critical for global food security and environmental sustainability. Yet, a comprehensive assessment on how these N management practices affect food production, greenhouse gas emission (GHG), and N pollution in China is lacking. We(More)
Life-cycle analysis of staple food (rice, flour and corn-based fodder) production and assessments of the associated greenhouse gas (GHG) and reactive nitrogen (Nr) releases, from environmental and economic perspectives, help to develop effective mitigation options. However, such evaluations have rarely been executed in China. We evaluated the GHG and Nr(More)
Denitrification has long been considered a major mechanism of N loss when N fertilizer is applied to flooded rice paddies. However, the direct determination of denitrification in soils is almost impossible because of the high atmospheric background of dinitrogen (N2). Dissolved N2 in a small water sample can be rapidly and precisely measured through(More)
Knowledge of denitrification process and its end-product at various depths of paddy soil is very important for our understanding of its role in mitigating reactive N and indirect nitrous oxide (N2O) emission. In this study, the end-products of denitrification were determined at four depths in a long-term field lysimeter experiment in southeast China over a(More)
Recycling of livestock manure in agroecosystems to partially substitute synthetic fertilizer nitrogen (N) input is recommended to alleviate the environmental degradation associated with synthetic N fertilization, which may also affect food security and soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, how substituting livestock manure for synthetic N fertilizer(More)
Biochar and nitrification inhibitors are increasingly being proposed as amendments to improve nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). However, their effects on soil denitrification and the major N loss in rice paddies over an entire rice-growing season are not well understood. In this study, using intact soil core incubation combined with N2/Ar technique, the(More)
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