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We report reversible adhesion switching on porous fibrillar polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) adhesive pads by humidity changes. Adhesion at a relative humidity of 90% was more than nine times higher than at a relative humidity of 2%. On nonporous fibrillar adhesive pads of the same material, adhesion increased only by a factor of ~3.3.(More)
This study is an attempt to deeply understand the mechanisms ensuring self-tolerance of T cells via clonal deletion of thymocytes and exploring T lymophocyte homeostasis by observing the apoptosis of single mouse thymocyte induced by S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO, a nitric oxide donor) using fluorescence near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) in(More)
Surface-tethered oppositely charged weak polyelectrolyte block copolymer brushes composed of poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (P2VP) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) were grown from the Si wafer by atom-transfer radical polymerization. The P2VP-b-PAA brushes were prepared through hydrolysis of the second PtBA block to the corresponding acrylic acid. The P2VP-b-PAA(More)
The tip shape of contact elements in hairy adhesion systems is crucial for proper contact formation and adhesion enhancement. While submicrometer terminal contact elements show much better adhesion performance than their larger counterparts, shaping their tips so as to maximize normal adhesion has remained challenging. We prepared durable nanorod arrays(More)
Two-dimensionally ordered honeycomb structures have been prepared on dodecanethiol-capped gold nanoparticle films by blowing moist air across the surface of the nanoparticle solution. The pore morphology can be altered from circle to ellipse with tunable aspect ratios by carefully controlling the direction and velocity of airflow. The formation mechanisms(More)
Many insect species reversibly adhere to surfaces by combining contact splitting (contact formation via fibrillar contact elements) and wet adhesion (supply of liquid secretion via pores in the insects' feet). Here, we fabricate insect-inspired fibrillar pads for wet adhesion containing continuous pore systems through which liquid is supplied to the contact(More)
We designed spongy monoliths allowing liquid delivery to their surfaces through continuous nanopore systems (mean pore diameter ∼40 nm). These nanoporous monoliths were flat or patterned with microspherical structures a few tens of microns in diameter, and their surfaces consisted of aprotic polymer or of TiO2 coatings. Liquid may reduce adhesion forces(More)
The wettability of thin poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films on a silicon wafer with a native oxide layer exposed to solvent vapors is dependent on the solvent properties. In the nonsolvent vapor, the film spread on the substrate with some protrusions generated on the film surface. In the good solvent vapor, dewetting happened. A new interface formed(More)
Bioinspired surface topographies showing generic anti-adhesive behaviour by minimization of the real contact area not only with rigid, but also with soft and compliant counterpart surfaces recently attracted increasing attention. In the present study, we show that such generic anti-adhesive surfaces, which moreover demonstrate anti-fouling behaviour, can be(More)
The dewetting behavior of thin (about 30 nm) polystyrene (PS) films filled with different amount of (C(6)H(5)C(2)H(4)NH(3))(2)PbI(4) (PhE-PbI(4)) on the silicon substrate with a native oxide layer was investigated. For different additive concentrations, PhE-PbI(4) showed different spatial distributions in the PS films, which had a strong influence on the(More)