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Scalable video coding (SVC) has become more and more important with the enrichment of multimedia data and the diversification of network and terminal devices. In current MPEG SVC activities, a scalable extension of H.264/AVC, called scalable video model (SVM), is proposed by HHI and has shown further coding efficiency improvement and scalability(More)
In this paper, we propose a machine learning-based fast coding unit (CU) depth decision method for High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), which optimizes the complexity allocation at CU level with given rate-distortion (RD) cost constraints. First, we analyze quad-tree CU depth decision process in HEVC and model it as a three-level of hierarchical binary(More)
The coding performance can be further improved when the hierarchical B-picture coding is introduced into H.264/AVC. However, the existing rate control schemes can NOT work efficiently in such new coding framework. This paper proposes a novel rate control algorithm when hierarchical Bpicture coding is used in H.264/AVC. Firstly, a set of scalingfactors(More)
To detect violence in a video, a common video description method is to apply local spatio-temporal description on the query video. Then, the low-level description is further summarized onto the high-level feature based on Bag-of-Words (BoW) model. However, traditional spatio-temporal descriptors are not discriminative enough. Moreover, BoW model roughly(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) has been described throughout the digestive tract. In this study, we investigated whether ICC also exist in the gallbladder wall of CD1 mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Immunofluorescent confocal microscopy was used to identify the morphology and distribution of ICC in either whole-mount flat(More)
Pokemon, the POK erythroid myeloid ontogenic factor, not only regulates the expression of many genes, but also plays an important role in cell tumorigenesis. To investigate the molecular mechanism regulating expression of the Pokemon gene in humans, its 5'-upstream region was cloned and analyzed. Transient analysis revealed that the Pokemon promoter is(More)
The TZSearch algorithm was adopted in the high efficiency video coding reference software HM as a fast Motion Estimation (ME) algorithm for its excellent performance in reducing ME time and maintaining a comparable Rate Distortion (RD) performance. However, the multiple initial search point decision and the hybrid block matching search contribute a(More)
Hydrocarbon oils are often utilized as adjuvants in vaccines. In response to naturally occurring hydrocarbon oils, inflammation is initiated and persists with the continuous recruitment of immune cells such as macrophages and neutrophils. However, the mechanism underlying the chronic inflammation in response to hydrocarbon oils is not fully defined. In this(More)
Targeted gene delivery provides enormous potential for clinical treatment of many incurable diseases. Liposomes formulated with targeting ligands have been tested extensively both in vitro and in vivo, and many studies have strived to identify more efficacious ligands. However, the environment of the ligand within the delivery vehicle is generally not(More)
Rate control (RC) optimization is indispensable for scalable video coding (SVC) with respect to bitstream storage and video streaming usage. From the perspective of centralized resource allocation optimization, the inner-layer bit allocation problem is similar to the bargaining problem. Therefore, bargaining game theory can be employed to improve the RC(More)