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A residue-based and a heavy atom-based statistical pair potential are developed for use in assessing the strength of protein-protein interactions. To ensure the quality of the potentials, a nonredundant, high-quality dimer database is constructed. The protein complexes in this dataset are checked by a literature search to confirm that they form multimers,(More)
Metabolomics is the comprehensive study of small molecule metabolites in biological systems. By assaying and analyzing thousands of metabolites in biological samples, it provides a whole picture of metabolic status and biochemical events happening within an organism and has become an increasingly powerful tool in the disease research. In metabolomics, it is(More)
In this postgenomic era, the ability to identify protein-protein interactions on a genomic scale is very important to assist in the assignment of physiological function. Because of the increasing number of solved structures involving protein complexes, the time is ripe to extend threading to the prediction of quaternary structure. In this spirit, a(More)
MULTIPROSPECTOR, a multimeric threading algorithm for the prediction of protein-protein interactions, is applied to the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Each possible pairwise interaction among more than 6000 encoded proteins is evaluated against a dimer database of 768 complex structures by using a confidence estimate of the fold assignment and the(More)
A remarkable feature of development is its reproducibility, the ability to correct embryo-to-embryo variations and instruct precise patterning. In Drosophila, embryonic patterning along the anterior-posterior axis is controlled by the morphogen gradient Bicoid (Bcd). In this article, we describe quantitative studies of the native Bcd gradient and its target(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a condition in which the protein folding capacity of the ER becomes overwhelmed by an increased demand for secretion or by exposure to compounds that disrupt ER homeostasis. In yeast and other fungi, the accumulation of unfolded proteins is detected by the ER-transmembrane sensor IreA/Ire1, which responds by cleaving an(More)
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a network of intracellular signaling pathways that supports the ability of the secretory pathway to maintain a balance between the load of proteins entering the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the protein folding capacity of the ER lumen. Current evidence indicates that several pathogenic fungi rely heavily on this(More)
Large-scale systematic analysis of gene essentiality is an important step closer toward unraveling the complex relationship between genotypes and phenotypes. Such analysis cannot be accomplished without unbiased and accurate annotations of essential genes. In current genomic databases, most of the essential gene annotations are derived from whole-genome(More)
BACKGROUND Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) is a ubiquitous and opportunistic pathogen capable of causing acute, invasive pulmonary disease in susceptible hosts. Despite current therapeutic options, mortality associated with invasive Af infections remains unacceptably high, increasing 357% since 1980. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that exposure to fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) is associated with stillbirth. STUDY DESIGN Geo-spatial population-based cohort study using Ohio birth records (2006-2010) and local measures of PM2.5, recorded by the EPA (2005-2010) via 57 monitoring stations across Ohio. Geographic coordinates of the mother's(More)