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BACKGROUND The physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy can lead to a variety of conditions that can usually be self-treated. There are no licensed medicines for conditions such as morning sickness or insomnia in pregnancy, and evidence from Western countries suggests that patients often resort to using herbal medicines. Research on the health(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of herbal medicine use in pregnancy has been widely researched throughout the world but little research has been published about the motivations for this use. METHODS Focus group discussion. Women who participated in a survey at an antenatal clinic were asked to participate in a focus group discussion to elaborate further on some of(More)
PURPOSE To study characteristics of women using herbal drugs and the possible impact of use in early pregnancy on pregnancy outcome. METHODS Data on the use of herbal drugs during pregnancy were obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Register during the period 1st July 1995 to end of 2004. Women who reported use of herbal drugs were compared to all women(More)
OBJECTIVE to review the literature on safety and efficacy of the most commonly used herbs to enable midwives to give evidence-based information to pregnant women. DESIGN survey and review of the scientific literature. SETTING the survey was performed at the antenatal clinic at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital between 26 November 2007 and 15(More)
This review evaluates the safety of echinacea and elderberry in pregnancy. Both herbs are commonly used to prevent or treat upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and surveys have shown that they are also used by pregnant women. The electronic databases PubMed, ISI Web of Science, AMED, EMBASE, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, and Cochrane(More)
This review evaluates the safety and efficacy of raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) in pregnancy. The electronic databases PubMed, ISI Web of Science, AMED, EMBASE, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database and Cochrane Library were searched. Altogether 12 original publications with focus on safety or efficacy during pregnancy, pharmacology and in vitro tests(More)
The objective of the study was to examine the safety of ginger use during pregnancy on congenital malformations and selected pregnancy outcomes. The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study, a large population-based cohort, provided the data used in this study. Our study population consisted of 68,522 women. Data on ginger use and socio-demographic factors(More)
The purposes of this study were to investigate the treatments used for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) according to NVP severity among Norwegian women and to assess whether maternal characteristics and attitudes were related to the use of pharmacological treatment of NVP. This is a cross-sectional Web-based study. Pregnant women and mothers with(More)
BACKGROUND Cranberry is one of the most commonly used herbs during pregnancy. The herb has been used traditionally against urinary tract infections. No studies are found that specifically address the risk of malformations after use of cranberry during pregnancy. The aim of the study was to investigate the safety of cranberry use during pregnancy, including(More)