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BACKGROUND Despite the availability of potent antibiotics and intensive care, mortality rates from septic shock are 40-70%. We assessed the safety and efficacy of murine monoclonal antibody to human tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha MAb) in the treatment of septic shock. METHODS In a randomised, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical(More)
Safety concerns with erythropoietin analogues and intravenous (IV) iron for treatment of anemia in CKD necessitate development of safer therapies. Roxadustat (FG-4592) is an orally bioavailable hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor that promotes coordinated erythropoiesis through HIF-mediated transcription. We performed an open-label,(More)
BACKGROUND Roxadustat (FG-4592) is an oral hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitor that promotes erythropoiesis through increasing endogenous erythropoietin, improving iron regulation, and reducing hepcidin. STUDY DESIGN Phase 2, randomized (3:1), open-label, active-comparator, safety and efficacy study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS Patients(More)
Although the use of soft catheter materials allows for safe long-term venous access in humans and animals, a significant percentage of individuals react adversely. We have studied a group of 52 male rats over 30 days (d) for the category and degree of tissue responses to silicone-based catheters implanted in the jugular vein. Included in this evaluation was(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the type and prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among adults with primary HIV infection (PHI) compared with HIV-negative adults at high risk for HIV disease, and in relation to HIV viral load. METHODS We conducted standardized oral examinations to identify specific oral mucosal lesions among adults with PHI, both pre-seroconversion(More)
PML is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by infection with JCV. Several cases of PML in bone marrow and solid organ transplant recipients have been reported in recent years. JCV has been isolated from the gastrointestinal mucosa of immunocompromised patients, but there are no published reports of PML associated with symptomatic(More)
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