Lois R. Manning

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The inter-relationship between the interior subunit interfaces and the exterior diphosphoglycerate (DPG) binding region of the hemoglobin tetramer and the effects of a specific N-terminal acetylation on tetramer assembly have been evaluated. Tetrameric fetal hemoglobin F in the liganded state was found to dissociate to dimers much less than previously(More)
A precise and rapid procedure employing gel filtration on Superose-12 to measure the tetramer-dimer dissociation constants of some natural and recombinant hemoglobins in the oxy conformation is described. Natural sickle hemoglobin was chosen to verify the validity of the results by comparing the values with those reported using an independent method not(More)
The source of the 70-fold increased tetramer strength of liganded fetal hemoglobin relative to that of adult hemoglobin between pH 6.0 and 7.5 reported earlier [Dumoulin et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 31326] has been identified as the N-terminal Gly residue of the gamma-chain, which is replaced by Val in adult hemoglobin. This was revealed by extending(More)
The N-terminal 18-amino acid sequence of the beta-chain of hemoglobin, as far as the end of the A helix, has been replaced by the corresponding sequence of the gamma-chain of fetal hemoglobin with the remaining sequence of the beta-chain retained (helices B through H). The gamma-beta-chain had the correct mass, and its entire sequence was established by(More)
Nitric oxide derived from sodium nitroprusside binds to the heme moiety of hemoglobin and also modifies some functional groups in the protein. As hemoglobin concentration is increased, globin modification is decreased presumably due to formation of the NO complex with heme. The SH groups of hemoglobin are probably not involved in the formation of the stable(More)
Acylpeptide hydrolase may be involved in N-terminal deacetylation of nascent polypeptide chains and of bioactive peptides. The activity of this enzyme from human erythrocytes is sensitive to anions such as chloride, nitrate, and fluoride. Furthermore, blocked amino acids act as competitive inhibitors of the enzyme. Acetyl leucine chloromethyl ketone has(More)
The substrate specificity of an enzyme that removes some N-terminal blocked amino acids from blocked peptides has been further explored with several naturally-occurring peptides. Chloride ion is an effective modulator of enzyme activity. Although the relative efficiency of the enzyme varies considerably with different peptide substrates, in each case there(More)
To correlate amino acid sequence changes with hemoglobin function we are carrying out a detailed recombinant analysis of the adult hemoglobin/fetal hemoglobin (HbA/HbF) systems. The important physiological differences between these two tetramers lie at unspecified sites in the 39 sequence substitutions of the 146 amino acids in their beta and gamma chains.(More)