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The European sero-epidemiology network (ESEN2) aims to standardise serological surveillance of varicella zoster virus (VZV) in 11 participant countries. In each country, serum banks were collected between 1996 and 2003 and tested for VZV antibodies. Assay results were standardised so that international comparisons could be made. Age-specific forces of(More)
Information on the burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) disease is needed to inform policy decisions on primary and secondary prevention. Specimen-based laboratory data (1989-2004) were converted to person-based data and combined with notification data (2004-2009) to describe the burden of HCV infection in Ireland. More than 10,000 people were confirmed as HCV(More)
The aim of the European Sero-Epidemiology Network is to establish comparability of the serological surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe. The designated reference laboratory (RL) for measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) prepared and tested a panel of 151 sera by the reference enzyme immunoassay (rEIA). Laboratories in 21 countries tested the panel(More)
The European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 (ESEN2) aimed to compare serological results of vaccine-preventable diseases across Europe. To ensure direct inter-country comparability of hepatitis A virus antibody (anti-HAV) measurements, a standardization panel of 150 sera was developed by a designated reference laboratory and tested by participating national(More)
The aim of the European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 was to coordinate and standardize the serological surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe. In this study, the standardization of hepatitis B virus (HBV) results is described. The 15 participating national laboratories tested a unique panel of 172 sera established by the Greek reference(More)
On 6 November 2001, a possible case of leptospirosis was notified in a canoeist following a white-water event on the River Liffey. It emerged that a second race participant was also a possible case. An outbreak control team coordinated the epidemiological investigation, laboratory investigation, environmental assessment, communication and control measures.(More)
While the need to realign the continuum and change the delivery system is one of the many factors driving health care reform, it is clear that a major transformation of the delivery system is already under way and that ambulatory care and home care are at the forefront of that movement. This trend is likely to continue regardless of the pace of health(More)
or Summ ary) of Besults* -2a. and b. Sinco start of project to tho present (slneo date of activation was October 1, 1991): It Tho eurroat work oa bata hemolytic streptococcel infections, In collaboration botwoon the Havel Medical Rosoarch Unit Ho. •+ at the U. S. Haval Training Contar, Great Lakos, Illinois, and the University of Wisconsin, began during the(More)
or Summ ary) of Besults* -2a. and b. Sinco start of project to tho present (slneo date of activation was October 1, 1991): It Tho eurroat work oa bata hemolytic streptococcel infections, In collaboration botwoon the Havel Medical Rosoarch Unit Ho. •+ at the U. S. Haval Training Contar, Great Lakos, Illinois, and the University of Wisconsin, began during the(More)
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