Lois J. Matthews

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Most measures of auditory sensitivity at extended high frequencies (frequencies greater than 8 kHz) have been obtained from listeners with normal hearing less than 40 years of age. The purpose of this study was (a) to measure thresholds at frequencies above 8 kHz in older listeners who, as a group, have elevated thresholds at lower frequencies, and (b) to(More)
Clinical judgments are often made regarding whether maximum word-recognition scores (PBmax) are appropriate in relation to degree of sensorineural hearing loss. In order to determine if word recognition is significantly poorer than expected, it is necessary to consider the lower boundary of PBmax associated with a particular degree of hearing loss for(More)
OBJECTIVE Pure-tone thresholds for conventional and extended high frequencies were analyzed for 188 older adult human subjects (91 females, 97 males). The objectives were to study longitudinal changes in thresholds as well as the effects of initial threshold levels, age, gender, and noise history on these longitudinal changes. DESIGN At the time of entry(More)
Word-recognition scores in quiet and in noise were obtained from both ears of 101 elderly listeners demonstrating sensorineural hearing loss. These performance scores were compared to word-recognition scores predicted using Articulation Index analysis procedures. Negative difference scores (actual performance less predicted performance) would reflect(More)
Previous studies of older listeners suggest age-related declines in speech recognition. However, the interpretation of these results is not straightforward because auditory thresholds, which account for the largest proportion of the variance in speech-recognition scores, also vary considerably with age. Here, effects of age, gender, and auditory thresholds(More)
Normative information is available on the expected performance of hearing-impaired individuals on the revised version of the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) test. This normative sample includes individuals with sensorineural hearing loss drawn from an age range of 19 to 69 years, with 79 percent of the sample being less than 65 years of age. In the(More)
As part of a study of human presbyacusis, a questionnaire on medicinal drug usage was given to 357 subjects (184 females, 173 males). Previous results from 211 subjects showed gender effects, that is, for males, none of the drugs had any measurable effects on hearing, whereas women taking calcium channel blockers (CCBs) had hearing levels 12 dB better than(More)
Age-related hearing loss (presbyacusis) has a complex etiology. Results from animal models detailing the effects of specific cochlear injuries on audiometric profiles may be used to understand the mechanisms underlying hearing loss in older humans and predict cochlear pathologies associated with certain audiometric configurations (“audiometric phenotypes”).(More)
Recognition of isolated monosyllabic words in quiet and recognition of key words in low- and high-context sentences in babble were measured in a large sample of older persons enrolled in a longitudinal study of age-related hearing loss. Repeated measures were obtained yearly or every 2 to 3 years. To control for concurrent changes in pure-tone thresholds(More)
OBJECTIVE As part of an ongoing study of presbyacusis, the relationship between blood chemistry levels and hearing levels was investigated. Previous reports often used small sets of blood chemistry measures, and results were inconclusive. This experiment examined hearing levels and 27 measures of blood chemistry using various univariate and multivariate(More)