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BACKGROUND The active practice of task-specific motor activities is a component of current approaches to stroke rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES To determine if repetitive task training after stroke improves global, upper or lower limb function, and if treatment effects are dependent on the amount, type or timing of practice. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess knowledge, views, and behaviour of researchers on criteria for authorship and causes and control of gift authorship. DESIGN Interview survey of stratified sample of researchers. SETTING University medical faculty. SUBJECTS 66 staff (94% response rate) comprising several levels of university academic and research appointments. (More)
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence can affect 40-60% of people admitted to hospital after a stroke, with 25% still having problems on hospital discharge and 15% remaining incontinent at one year. OBJECTIVES To determine the optimal methods for treatment of urinary incontinence after stroke in adults. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Incontinence(More)
Recent changes in the National Health Service (NHS), in particular the creation of the purchaser-provider split and the increasing emphasis on ensuring that high quality services are delivered in a cost-effective manner, have resulted in increasing attention to consumers' views of the care they receive. As a result, patient satisfaction surveys of hospital(More)
This is an updated version of the first North of England Asthma Guideline (1,2) and summarizes the full guideline. (3) This paper presents all the recommendations within the guideline and, where these are new or substantially altered from the original version, it also presents a summary of the supporting evidence. The aims and methods of development(More)
Using primary nursing as a 'case study', this paper reviews research literature which attempts to measure the effectiveness of a mode of nursing using outcome measures. Previous research, it is argued, is hampered by a lack of conceptualization of structure and process and inadequate research design, with consequent uncertain findings. A shift in emphasis(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical practice guidelines aim to reduce inappropriate variations in practice and to promote the delivery of evidence-based health care. OBJECTIVES To identify and assess the effects of studies of the introduction of clinical practice guidelines in nursing (including health visiting), midwifery and other professions allied to medicine. (More)
Assessing patients' satisfaction with the care they receive is assuming greater importance and satisfaction with nursing is no exception. The kinds of study in which patient satisfaction has been used as an outcome are considered and show the range of conceptualizations and the general lack of rigour in its measurement. It is argued that research methods(More)
BACKGROUND Radiological tests are often used by general practitioners (GPs). These tests can be overused and contribute little to clinical management. We aimed to assess two methods of reducing GP requests for radiological tests in accordance with the UK Royal College of Radiologists' guidelines on lumbar spine and knee radiographs. METHODS We assessed(More)