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BACKGROUND The active practice of task-specific motor activities is a component of current approaches to stroke rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES To determine if repetitive task training after stroke improves global, upper or lower limb function, and if treatment effects are dependent on the amount, type or timing of practice. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if repetitive task training after stroke improves functional activity. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of trials comparing repetitive task training with attention control or usual care. DATA SOURCES The Cochrane Stroke Trials Register, electronic databases of published, unpublished and non-English language papers;(More)
BACKGROUND Given the current emphasis on networks as vehicles for innovation and change in health service delivery, the ability to conceptualize and measure organisational enablers for the social construction of knowledge merits attention. This study aimed to develop a composite tool to measure the organisational context for evidence-based practice (EBP) in(More)
U rinary incontinence can affect 40% to 60% of people admitted to hospital after a stroke, with 25% still having problems on hospital discharge and Ϸ15% remaining incontinent at 1 year. Objectives The objective of the review was to determine the optimal methods for prevention and treatment of urinary incontinence after stroke in adults. Randomized or(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence following acute stroke is common, affecting between 40%-60% of people in hospital after a stroke. Despite the availability of clinical guidelines for urinary incontinence and urinary incontinence after stroke, national audit data suggest incontinence is often poorly managed. Conservative interventions (e.g. bladder training,(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence (UI) affects half of patients hospitalised after stroke and is often poorly managed. Cochrane systematic reviews have shown some positive impact of conservative interventions (such as bladder training) in reducing UI, but their effectiveness has not been demonstrated with stroke patients. METHODS We conducted a cluster(More)
Author's response to reviews: see over Dear Editors We would like to thank Professor Adrian Wagg and Professor Sandy Middleton for their very constructive comments and suggestions. We outline below how we have addressed their concerns. Abstract: This is a concise and accurate extract of the study with a sound digest of results. Background: This is well(More)
In common with many cluster-randomised trials, it was difficult to determine the appropriate sample size for the planned trial of the effectiveness of a systematic voiding programme for post-stroke incontinence due to the lack of a robust estimate of the intra-cluster correlation coefficient (ICC). One approach to overcome this problem is a method of(More)
BACKGROUND The implementation of strategies to monitor and enhance treatment fidelity is of paramount importance in trials of complex interventions. A recent framework published by the National Institutes of Health Behavior Change Consortium recommends addressing five areas of treatment fidelity, one of which is delivery of treatment. This study aimed to(More)
All rights reserved INFORMATION TO ALL USERS The quality of this reproduction is dependent upon the quality of the copy submitted. In the unlikely event that the author did not send a complete manuscript and there are missing pages, these will be noted. Also, if material had to be removed, a note will indicate the deletion. 1 Overview Part 1 is a(More)