Lois H Thomas

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BACKGROUND The active practice of task-specific motor activities is a component of current approaches to stroke rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES To determine if repetitive task training after stroke improves global, upper or lower limb function, and if treatment effects are dependent on the amount, type or timing of practice. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the(More)
Authors' conclusions The heterogeneity of findings indicates that there can be no universal recommendations on best practice in respect of questionnaire design and survey conduct. Rather, individual survey researchers need to take into account the aims of the particular study, the population under investigation and the resources available; trade-offs(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess knowledge, views, and behaviour of researchers on criteria for authorship and causes and control of gift authorship. DESIGN Interview survey of stratified sample of researchers. SETTING University medical faculty. SUBJECTS 66 staff (94% response rate) comprising several levels of university academic and research appointments. (More)
BACKGROUND Clinical practice guidelines aim to reduce inappropriate variations in practice and to promote the delivery of evidence-based health care. OBJECTIVES To identify and assess the effects of studies of the introduction of clinical practice guidelines in nursing (including health visiting), midwifery and other professions allied to medicine. (More)
BACKGROUND Radiological tests are often used by general practitioners (GPs). These tests can be overused and contribute little to clinical management. We aimed to assess two methods of reducing GP requests for radiological tests in accordance with the UK Royal College of Radiologists' guidelines on lumbar spine and knee radiographs. METHODS We assessed(More)
Patient satisfaction is increasingly being measured as an indication of the effectiveness of nursing care. At present, however, there are no validated UK scales available specifically addressed to nursing. The aim of the present study was to develop a sensitive, valid and reliable measure of patient satisfaction. This paper describes the first phase of the(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence can affect 40-60% of people admitted to hospital after a stroke, with 25% still having problems on hospital discharge and 15% remaining incontinent at one year. OBJECTIVES To determine the optimal methods for treatment of urinary incontinence after stroke in adults. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Incontinence(More)
Recent changes in the National Health Service (NHS), in particular the creation of the purchaser-provider split and the increasing emphasis on ensuring that high quality services are delivered in a cost-effective manner, have resulted in increasing attention to consumers' views of the care they receive. As a result, patient satisfaction surveys of hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Given the current emphasis on networks as vehicles for innovation and change in health service delivery, the ability to conceptualize and measure organisational enablers for the social construction of knowledge merits attention. This study aimed to develop a composite tool to measure the organisational context for evidence-based practice (EBP) in(More)