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PURPOSE To investigate the effect of increasing fraction size on cell survival in late responding normal tissues. The hypothesis is that total dose can be reduced for constant tumor cell kill and there will be consequent advantage for some surrounding normal tissue cells. Also, the volume of normal tissue that can potentially be damaged by increasing(More)
With the continuing improvement in computer speed, dose distributions can be calculated quickly with confidence. However, the resulting biological effect is known with much less certainty, despite its critical importance when assessing treatment plans. To assess plans accurately, biologically based methods of ranking plans are necessary. Many authors have(More)
Rat liver microsomes catalyze the hydrolysis of the triphosphates of adenosine, guanosine, uridine, cytidine, and inosine into the corresponding diphosphates and inorganic orthophosphate. The activities are stimulated by Na(2)S(2)O(4), and inhibited by atebrin, chlorpromazine, sodium azide, and deaminothyroxine. Sodium deoxycholate inhibits the ATPase(More)
Many optimization techniques for intensity modulated radiotherapy have now been developed. The majority of these techniques including all the commercial systems that are available are based on physical dose methods of assessment. Some techniques have also been based on radiobiological models. None of the radiobiological optimization techniques however have(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the possibility of increasing the dose per fraction or increasing the number of fractions to account for treatment delays occurring during radiotherapy treatments for highly proliferative tumours. The linear quadratic model with time was used to determine the difference in biological effective dose (BED) for the(More)
An important aspect of the intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) process is that of optimizing the beam intensity profiles. Most such methods use a comparison between the defined dose distribution (including prescription dose and dose limits for critical structures) and the current distribution. The comparison may involve dose differences or dose ratios.(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the treatment schedules used clinically for highly proliferative tumours, particularly with reference to the effects of fraction size, fraction number and treatment duration. The linear quadratic model (with time component) is used here to compare non-standard treatment regimens (e.g. accelerated and(More)
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