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Presents evidence for the validity of the Contemplation Ladder, a measure of readiness to consider smoking cessation. Analyses of data collected from more than 400 smokers at two worksites before and during a 10-month intervention indicate that Ladder scores were significantly associated with reported intention to quit, number of previous quit attempts,(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the impact of a statewide antismoking media campaign on progression to established smoking among Massachusetts adolescents. METHODS We conducted a 4-year longitudinal survey of 592 Massachusetts youths, aged 12 to 15 years at baseline in 1993. We examined the effect of baseline exposure to television, radio, and outdoor antismoking(More)
INTRODUCTION The two largest U.S. cigarette manufacturers introduced Swedish-style low-nitrosamine smokeless tobacco (snus) to several U.S. test markets in summer 2006. Since then, snus brands and test markets have proliferated. METHODS This article assesses consumer response by analyzing data from the 2006 and 2007 Indiana Adult Tobacco Survey (IATS), a(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess adults' receptivity to the Massachusetts television anti-tobacco campaign. Reactions were examined as a function of respondents' demographics, baseline tobacco control attitudes, changes in smoking status during the campaign, and advertisements' affective qualities. DESIGN A random digit dial telephone survey in 1993 at the start of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of the Massachusetts tobacco control programme, which, since its start in January 1993, has spent over $200m-"the highest per capita expenditure for tobacco control in the world"-funded by an extra tax of 25 cents per pack of cigarettes. DESIGN Population based trend analysis with comparison group. SUBJECTS Adult residents(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess teenagers' receptivity to anti-tobacco television advertisements produced by public health organisations and by tobacco companies. Reactions were examined as a function of the message type as well as the respondents' demographics and smoking status. DESIGN A 1999 telephone survey of teenagers in households identified during a random(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed smokers' reactions to a 25 cents cigarette tax imposed in Massachusetts. METHODS A statewide telephone survey of 1783 adult smokers and 216 teenaged smokers was conducted. RESULTS Among adult smokers, 3.5% reported that they had stopped smoking, owing in part to the price increase; 35% had considered quitting and 19% had(More)
BACKGROUND Response rates have been declining in statewide tobacco surveys. This study investigated whether there was associated evidence of increasing bias in smoking prevalence estimates. METHODS Demographic characteristics of respondents to tobacco surveys in Massachusetts and California were compared to population data in the early 1990s, when(More)
INTRODUCTION Among cigarette smokers, lower levels of consumption, defined as smoking fewer cigarettes per day (CPD) or not smoking daily, are becoming more common. The relationship between cigarette consumption and smoking frequency (daily or nondaily) is not well characterized, and the natural history of light smoking (defined here as smoking < or =10(More)
This article examines data from 10 longterm prospective studies (N greater than 5,000) in relation to key issues about the self-quitting of smoking, especially those discussed by Schachter. When a single attempt to quit was evaluated, self-quitters' success rates were no better than those reported for formal treatment programs. Light smokers (20 or less(More)