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Complex interactions between the host and the gut microbiota govern intestinal homeostasis but remain poorly understood. Here we reveal a relationship between gut microbiota and caspase recruitment domain family member 9 (CARD9), a susceptibility gene for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that functions in the immune response against microorganisms. CARD9(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) physiopathology is multifactorial and roles for both microbiota and bile acid (BA) modifications have been proposed. We investigated role of dysbiosis, transit pattern and BA metabolism in IBS. METHODS Clinical data, serum, and stool samples were collected in 15 healthy subjects (HS), 16 diarrhea-predominant(More)
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