Logan Haller

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Fourteen of 330 patients treated with melarsoprol (Mel B) for human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) developed a severe reactive arsenical encephalopathy (RAE). Six of these cases were fatal and postmortem examination was performed on 5 patients. Symptoms of "sleeping sickness" were compared with symptoms after treatment with arsenicals and the subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND Avian influenza A/H5N1 has threatened human health for nearly 2 decades. Avian influenza A vaccine without adjuvant is poorly immunogenic. A flexible rapid tactic for mass vaccination will be needed if a pandemic occurs. METHODS A multicenter, randomized, blinded phase 1 clinical trial evaluated safety and antibody responses after point-of-use(More)
The principal clinical and pathological findings in 16 fatal cases of human African trypanosomiasis caused by T.b. Gambiense are described. The changes in the brain took the form of a non-specific lymphoplasmacytic meningo-encephalitis of varying intensity. Other features included morular cells, diffuse microglial hyperplasia, and large reactive astrocytes(More)
Melanin-containing basal cells of the epidermis, melanin-containing macrophages, mast cells, eosinophilic granulocytes and plasma cells were quantitatively investigated with the purpose of gaining an understanding of the quantitative changes in these cell systems under PUVA therapy. This patients have been exposed to solar radiation some weeks ore months(More)
An annual 20% excess mortality rate is observed in HIV-seropositive patients after treatment for tuberculosis. An affordable secondary prophylaxis against main opportunistic diseases is needed, i.e. against tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, pneumocystosis and other infections occurring in this target population. This open prospective randomized study assessed(More)
The novel antimalarial Ro 42-1611 (arteflene) was evaluated for safety and efficacy in an open, non-comparative study of patients with mild malaria in the south of Cameroon. Thirty male patients aged 12 to 42 years, with an initial Plasmodium falciparum count of > 5000 (mean: 21,406) parasites/microliters and a body temperature of 37.7% to 39.8 degrees C,(More)
An open, non-comparative clinical trial was carried out in Nigeria and Burkina Faso to investigate the safety and efficacy of the novel antimalarial arteflene in patients with mild malaria. Patients were males aged 12 to 16 years, with a Plasmodium falciparum count of 10(4) to 10(5) parasites/microliters and a body temperature of 37.5 to 38.5 degrees C.(More)
Thirty Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains (8: INH(R)/INH(R), 12: INH(R)/RIF(S), 10: INH(S)/RIF(S)) were examined against MICs of epiroprim (EPM) and isoniazid (INH) separately or in association. EPM alone proved to be insufficiently active against the various mycobacterial isolates (MIC > or =256 microg/ml). The observed average sensitivity to the(More)
The efficacy and tolerability of single, low-dose mefloquine, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (MSP) combination was compared with chloroquine (CQ) for malaria treatment in a malaria-endemic area of Nigeria with multiple drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. The two drug regimens (MSP and CQ) were tested in a 12-month prospective population study. The patients(More)
The vaccine (NANP)3-TT is a synthetic peptide of the circumsporozoite protein (CS) of Plasmodium falciparum coupled to tetanus toxoid (TT) as protein carrier and adsorbed to aluminium hydroxide as adjuvant. The objectives of the study were to assess the immunogenicity and the protective efficacy of the vaccine in an area where malaria is endemic. The study(More)