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OBJECTIVE Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a common practice in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) because of exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, a recent(More)
BACKGROUND The Surgical Therapeutic Index (STI) has been described as an indicator of the benefits and risks of surgical treatment. The index is calculated by dividing the cure rate of an operative(More)
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