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␣-Methylacyl-CoA racemase plays an important role in the ␤-oxidation of branched-chain fatty acids and fatty acid derivatives because it catalyzes the conversion of several (2 R)-methyl-branched-chain fatty acyl-CoAs to their (S)-stereoisomers. Only stereoisomers with the 2-methyl group in the (S)-configuration can be degraded via ␤-oxidation. Patients with(More)
Peroxisomes play a major role in human cellular lipid metabolism, including the beta-oxidation of fatty acids. The most frequent peroxisomal disorder is X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), which is caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene. The protein involved, called ABCD1, or alternatively ALDP, is a member of the ATP-binding-cassette (ABC) transporter(More)
OBJECTIVE Sanfilippo disease (mucopolysaccharidosis type III [MPS III]) is a rare neurodegenerative metabolic disease caused by a deficiency of 1 of the 4 enzymes involved in the degradation of heparan sulfate (HS), a glycosaminoglycan (GAG). Genistein has been proposed as potential therapy but its efficacy remains uncertain. We aimed to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Carnitine palmitoyl-transferase I (CPT I) catalyses the synthesis of long-chain (LC)-acylcarnitines from LC-acyl-CoA esters. It is the rate-limiting enzyme of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) pathway and its activity is regulated by malonyl-CoA. The antiepileptic drug valproic acid (VPA) is a branched chain fatty acid that is(More)
Over the last years acylcarnitines have emerged as important biomarkers for the diagnosis of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation (mFAO) and branched-chain amino acid oxidation disorders assuming they reflect the potentially toxic acyl-CoA species, accumulating intramitochondrially upstream of the enzyme block. However, the origin of these intermediates(More)
Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism, most frequently associated with developmental delay and/or epilepsy. Most SCADD patients carry common SCAD-encoding gene ( ACADS) variants or these variants in combination with a rare ACADS mutation, in the Netherlands predominantly the c.1058C>T.(More)
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