Locksley E. McGann

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Use of a cryoprotective agent is indispensable to prevent injury to human spermatozoa during the cryopreservation process. However, addition of cryoprotective agents to spermatozoa before cooling and their removal after warming may create severe osmotic stress for the cells, resulting in injury. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that(More)
Fundamental cryobiological characteristics of spermatozoa from threatened or endangered species must be determined for successful cryopreservation techniques to be established. In this study, spermatozoa from four diverse species, impala (Aepyceros melampus), wart hog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), elephant (Loxodonta africana), and lion (Panthera leo), were(More)
Osmotic permeability characteristics and the effects of cryoprotectants are important determinants of recovery and function of spermatozoa after cryopreservation. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the osmotic permeability parameters of human spermatozoa in the presence of cryoprotectants. A series of experiments was done to: 1) validate the(More)
Osteochondral defects can degenerate into osteoarthritis and currently there are no good treatment alternatives available to most Orthopaedic surgeons. Osteochondral allografting can restore damaged joint surfaces but its clinical use is limited by poor access to high quality tissue. Vitrification of osteochondral tissue would allow the banking of this(More)
The purpose of this study was to test whether successful cryopreservation of osteochondral tissue is possible and whether, with the appropriate surgical procedure, it can be used for the successful repair of focal articular defects within joints. Fresh (nonfrozen) and snap-frozen (plunged in liquid nitrogen and thawed in a water bath at 37 degrees C,(More)
A hypothesis of the nature of intracellular ice formation is proposed in which the osmotically driven water efflux that occurs in cells during freezing (caused by the increased osmotic pressure of the extracellular solution in the presence of ice) is viewed as the agent responsible for producing a rupture of the plasma membrane, thus allowing extracellular(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MCA) were obtained by immunizing BALB/c mice with 99% pure granulocytes from normal donors or with a whole leukocyte suspension obtained from a chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patient, and then fusing the mouse spleen cells with a 315-43 myeloma cell clone. Four MCA were selected and studied using ELISA, immunofluorescence,(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of cryopreservation on the components of articular cartilage (AC) matrix by utilizing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and biochemical assessments. Porcine AC (10mm osteochondral dowels) was collected into four groups - (1) phosphate buffered saline (PBS) control, (2) PBS snap frozen in liquid(More)
OBJECTIVES Allograft vascular tissue is important in the repair of complex structural lesions of the heart and great vessels, but induces a deleterious immune response that might shorten the effective lifespan of the tissue and sensitize the recipient. We hypothesized that decellularizing allograft vascular tissue reduces the host allogeneic immune(More)