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BACKGROUND FIZ1 (Flt-3 Interacting Zinc-finger) is a broadly expressed protein of unknown function. We reported previously that in the mammalian retina, FIZ1 interacts with NRL (Neural-Retina Leucine-zipper), an essential transcriptional activator of rod photoreceptor-specific genes. The concentration of FIZ1 in the retina increases during photoreceptor(More)
Nuclear cataract, a major cause of loss of lens transparency in the aging human, has long been thought to be associated with oxidative damage, particularly at the site of the nuclear plasma membrane. However, few animal models have been available to study the mechanism of the opacity. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been shown to produce increased nuclear light(More)
BACKGROUND The literature contains conflicting results regarding the status of serum anti-Aβ antibody concentrations in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reduced levels of these antibodies have been suggested to contribute to the development of this disorder. The conflicting results may be due to polyvalent antibodies, antibody "masking" due to Aβ binding,(More)
PURPOSE Previous in vitro studies with transgenic and gene-knockout mice have shown that lenses with elevated levels of glutathione peroxidase (GPX)-1 activity are able to resist the cytotoxic effect of H(2)O(2), compared with normal lenses and lenses from GPX-1-deficient animals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional role of this(More)
PURPOSE UVB radiation from sunlight is known to be a risk factor for human cataract. The purpose in this study was to investigate the ability of a class I UV-blocking soft contact lens to protect against UVB-induced effects on the ocular tissues of the rabbit in vivo. METHODS Eyes of rabbits were exposed to UVB light for 30 minutes (270-360 nm, peak at(More)
The possible role of ultraviolet light in the formation of cataract is not well understood. In this study, guinea pigs were exposed to a chronic, low level of UVA light (0.5 mWcm(-2), 340-410 nm wavelength, peak at 365 nm) for 4-5 months. It is known that the lens of the guinea pig possesses unusually high levels of the UVA chromophore NADPH. In a(More)
Circulating autoantibodies against lens antigens are prevalent in patients with age-related cataract (ARC), but their pathogenic significance is unknown. We hypothesized that these autoantibodies are cytotoxic for lens epithelial cells (LECs). To test this hypothesis. We incubated LECs with mouse polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies against beta-crystallin(More)
PURPOSE To report results of functional, biochemical and structural studies of photoreceptor mitochondria in isolated rat retinas under conditions of mitochondrial inhibition. METHODS Dark-adapted rat retinas were incubated in a modified Ringer's bicarbonate medium under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Several different procedures were used to inhibit(More)
Transgenic mice with elevated glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) activity and gene knockout animals with a deficiency of the enzyme were used to investigate the role of GSHPx in defending the lens against H2O2-induced damage. The effects of peroxide on cultured lenses were determined by using light and transmission electron microscopy to evaluate morphological(More)
Cyclic GMP has been shown in recent years to directly activate ion channels in bipolar and ganglion cells, and to indirectly regulate coupling between horizontal cells, and between bipolar and amacrine cells. In all of these cases, the effects of cyclic GMP are mimicked by nitric oxide. An increase in calcium concentration stimulates the production of(More)