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Arenaviruses are the causative pathogens of severe hemorrhagic fever and aseptic meningitis in humans, for which no licensed vaccines are currently available. Pathogen heterogeneity within the Arenaviridae family poses a significant challenge for vaccine development. The main hypothesis we tested in the present study was whether it is possible to design a(More)
Coordinated interactions between helper and cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (HTL and CTL) are needed for optimal effector cell functions and the establishment of immunological memory. We, therefore, designed a mixed format vaccine based on the use of highly conserved HIV-derived T-lymphocyte epitopes wherein the HTL epitopes were delivered as a recombinant protein(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza virus remains a significant health and social concern in part because of newly emerging strains, such as avian H5N1 virus. We have developed a prototype H5N1 vaccine using a recombinant, replication-competent Adenovirus serotype 4 (Ad4) vector, derived from the U.S. military Ad4 vaccine strain, to express the hemagglutinin (HA) gene(More)
The goal of the present study was to design a vaccine that would provide universal protection against infection of humans with diverse influenza A viruses. Accordingly, protein sequences from influenza A virus strains currently in circulation (H1N1, H3N2), agents of past pandemics (H1N1, H2N2, H3N2) and zoonotic infections of man (H1N1, H5N1, H7N2, H7N3,(More)
BACKGROUND There is a well-acknowledged need for an effective AIDS vaccine that protects against HIV-1 infection or limits in vivo viral replication. The objective of these studies is to develop a replication-competent, vaccine vector based on the adenovirus serotype 4 (Ad4) virus expressing HIV-1 envelope (Env) 1086 clade C glycoprotein. Ad4 recombinant(More)
We created and tested multi-epitope DNA or protein vaccines with TLR4 ligand emulsion adjuvant (gluco glucopyranosyl lipid adjuvant in a stable emulsion [GLA-SE]) for their ability to protect against Toxoplasma gondii in HLA transgenic mice. Our constructs each included 5 of our best down-selected CD8(+) T cell-eliciting epitopes, a universal CD4(+) helper(More)
Background Our hypothesis is that the replicating Ad4 vector approach, may be the best strategy for an effective HIV-1 vaccine due to advantages of demonstrated clinical safety and immunogenicity of both the Ad4 backbone and an Ad4 H5N1 vector influenza vaccine evaluated in Phase 1. Unlike other vectors, it can be bioengineered to express full-length HIV-1(More)
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