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Reliability of bacterial diversity assessment using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of 16S rDNA fragments was evaluated for a particular complex microbial assemblage: river epilithic biofilm. By comparing 3 routine protocols on replicates of one river biofilm sample, we found that common DNA extraction(More)
The use of community-level physiological profiles obtained with Biolog microplates is widely employed to consider the functional diversity of bacterial communities. Biolog produces a great amount of data which analysis has been the subject of many studies. In most cases, after some transformations, these data were investigated with classical multivariate(More)
Copper is commonly used as an algicide and plant herbicide in the aquatic environment. Despite of its frequent application in rivers, ponds and lakes, few studies have been performed at the ecosystem level on primary producers' communities. A long-term lotic mesocosms study was carried on, in 20m long channels, under environmentally realistic concentrations(More)
Sedimentation is a key process in lake functioning, and plays an important role in nutrient and carbon cycles at both regional and global scales. Several biological processes have been shown as quantitatively affecting sedimentation, but very few works have tried to relate the structure of aquatic communities and the quality of sinking organic matter. We(More)
Studies on the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning have generally revealed a positive asymptotic relationship between biodiversity and single functions, suggesting species redundancy with respect to these functions. However, most research was performed on specific processes and did not consider ecosystem 'multifunctionality'. There is also(More)
Chemicals produced by aquatic organisms, and especially micro-organisms, have received increasing attention in the last decade for their role in shaping interactions and communities. Several cases emphasize the fact that chemical signals or defence may modulate interspecific interactions. Notably, it has been shown that diatoms, unicellular algae and key(More)
In biofilms, the competition between microorganisms for light, nutrients and space is extreme. Moreover, planktonic algae can be considered as competitors insofar as they decrease the available light for the benthic algae. One of the strategies employed by microorganisms to eliminate competitors is the release of inhibiting compounds, a process known as(More)
Phototrophic biofilm formation and dynamics result from the interaction between several parameters, including chemical interactions. Some of the secondary metabolites released by microalgae can influence the composition of benthic communities. We determined the effects of decadienal (DD), a polyunsaturated aldehyde produced by diatoms, on a benthic diatom,(More)
The response of microbial communities to disturbance is a major concern for microbial ecologists since potential modifications in their composition and functioning may affect ecosystems to a larger extent. Microbial ecosystems may be resistant (not affected) or may present engineering (return to initial state) or ecological resilience. In the latter case,(More)