Loïc Jacques Blum

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Immobilization of enzymes on the transducer surface is a necessary and critical step in the design of biosensors. An overview of the different immobilization techniques reported in the literature is given, dealing with classical adsorption, covalent bonds, entrapment, cross-linking or affinity as well as combination of them and focusing on new original(More)
The formate dehydrogenase (FDH) from Candida boidinii is a well-known enzyme in biocatalysis for NADH regeneration. Nevertheless, it has low activity in a water-miscible ionic liquid (1,3-dimethylimidazolium dimethyl phosphate, [MMIm][Me2 PO4 ]). In this work, this enzyme was subjected to directed evolution by using error-prone PCR, and a mutant(More)
This critical review discusses the results published between 2000 and 2005 on the development of analytical systems based on the luminol chemiluminescent and electrochemiluminescent reactions. An increasing number of non-specific detection systems based on the enhancing, inhibiting or catalysing effect of a large range of compounds have been published.(More)
A whole-cell bioassay has been developed for the total toxicity testing of liquid samples. The method is based on the induction of the bioluminescent activity of genetically manipulated mammalian cells. For that purpose, transfection was used to introduce, in HeLa cells, a DNA sensing element that responds to chemical stress agents (heavy metals, genotoxic(More)
The present review reports on the lastest developments in multiplex immunoassays. The selected examples are classified through their detection strategy (fluorescence, chemiluminescence, colorimetry or labeless) and their assay format (standard microtiter plate, polymeric membranes and glass slides). Finally, the degree of integration in a complete system,(More)
The luminol electrochemiluminescence has been exploited for the development of several fibre-optic biosensors allowing the detection of hydrogen peroxide and of substrates of H(2)O(2)-producing oxidases. Electro-optical flow injection analysis of glucose, lactate, cholesterol and choline are thus described. To perform the experiments, a glassy carbon(More)
A new ultrasonic apparatus operating at a frequency of 40 kHz was developed to dislodge biofilms from food processing equipment in order to assess the effectiveness of cleaning protocols. Sonication conditions to remove biofilms and quantification by ATP-bioluminescence are described. An industrial meat process was developed at the laboratory level to form(More)
The use of an ultrasonic apparatus (40 kHz) for the non-destructive, rapid and reproducible removal of biofilm from standard materials (stainless steel and polypropylene) in a dairy factory was investigated. The application of ultrasound with the tested conditions (10 s and 40 kHz) was found not to be detrimental for standard ATP (concentration ranging(More)
A nanosize material composed of 330nm glass beads coated with a copolymer of N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMA), N,N-acryloyloxysuccinimide (NAS) and [3-(methacryloyl-oxy)propyl]trimethoxysilane (MAPS) was developed to improve the protein immobilization on biochips. The developed material, bearing rabbit-IgG proteins, was arrayed as 150mum spots trapped at the(More)