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Electroporation is the phenomenon in which cell membrane permeability is increased by exposing the cell to short high-electric-field pulses. Reversible electroporation treatments are used in vivo for gene therapy and drug therapy while irreversible electroporation is used for tissue ablation. Tissue conductivity changes induced by electroporation could(More)
Gene delivery to skeletal muscle is a promising strategy for the treatment of muscle disorders and for the systemic secretion of therapeutic proteins. However, present DNA delivery technologies have to be improved with regard to both the level of expression and interindividual variability. We report very efficient plasmid DNA transfer in muscle fibers by(More)
Permeabilising electric pulses can be advantageously used for DNA electrotransfer in vivo for gene therapy, as well as for drug delivery. In both cases, it is essential to know the electric field distribution in the tissues: the targeted tissue must be submitted to electric field intensities above the reversible permeabilisation threshold (to actually(More)
Electrochemotherapy is a technique where electric pulses in combination with chemotherapeutic agents are applied to tumor cells. In general, patients find electrochemotherapy tolerable, in spite of unpleasant sensations associated with contraction of muscles located beneath or in the vicinity of the electrodes. These contractions are due to the intensity of(More)
In vivo cell electroporation is the basis of DNA electrotransfer, an efficient method for non-viral gene therapy using naked DNA. The electric pulses have two roles, to permeabilize the target cell plasma membrane and to transport the DNA towards or across the permeabilized membrane by electrophoresis. For efficient electrotransfer, reversible undamaging(More)
BACKGROUND Electrochemotherapy is a new antitumor treatment consisting of electrical pulses administered to the tumor several minutes after intravenous injection of bleomycin. In mice, important antitumor effects were observed on subcutaneously transplanted tumors and on spontaneously occurring mammary carcinomas. Cures were obtained after one single(More)
Recurrent breast cancer Bleomycin Cisplatin Electric pulses Complete response A B S T R A C T Purpose: To evaluate and confirm efficacy and safety of electrochemotherapy with bleomy-cin or cisplatin on cutaneous and subcutaneous tumour nodules of patients with malignant melanoma and other malignancies in a multicenter study. Patients and methods: This was a(More)
In cell culture the cytotoxicity of some anticancer drugs, especially bleomycin, can be greatly enhanced by exposing cells to non-cytotoxic electric pulses. Nude or conventional mice bearing subcutaneous transplanted tumours were treated with intramuscular doses of bleomycin followed by local delivery of electric pulses similar to those used in vitro.(More)
In vivo electroporation (EP) is gaining momentum for drug and gene delivery. In particular, DNA transfer by EP to muscle tissue can lead to highly efficient long-term gene expression. We characterized a vascular effect of in vivo EP and its consequences for drug and gene delivery. Pulses of 10-20,000 micros and 0.1-1.6 kV/cm were applied over hind- and(More)
This paper reports results of in vivo experiments that confirm the feasibility of a new minimally invasive method for tissue ablation, irreversible electroporation (IRE). Electroporation is the generation of a destabilizing electric potential across biological membranes that causes the formation of nanoscale defects in the lipid bilayer. In IRE, these(More)