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Purpose: To evaluate and confirm efficacy and safety of electrochemotherapy with bleomycin or cisplatin on cutaneous and subcutaneous tumour nodules of patients with malignant melanoma and other malignancies in a multicenter study. Patients and methods: This was a two year long prospective non-randomised study on 41 patients evaluable for response to(More)
Permeabilising electric pulses can be advantageously used for DNA electrotransfer in vivo for gene therapy, as well as for drug delivery. In both cases, it is essential to know the electric field distribution in the tissues: the targeted tissue must be submitted to electric field intensities above the reversible permeabilisation threshold (to actually(More)
This study introduces a new method for minimally invasive treatment of cancer—the ablation of undesirable tissue through the use of irreversible electroporation. Electroporation is the permeabilization of the cell membrane due to an applied electric field. As a function of the field amplitude and duration, the permeabilization can be reversible or(More)
Gene delivery to skeletal muscle is a promising strategy for the treatment of muscle disorders and for the systemic secretion of therapeutic proteins. However, present DNA delivery technologies have to be improved with regard to both the level of expression and interindividual variability. We report very efficient plasmid DNA transfer in muscle fibers by(More)
Sequential model of liver tissue electropermeabilisation around two needle electrodes was designed by computing electric field (E) distribution by means of the finite element (FE) method. Sequential model consists of a sequence of static FE models which represent E distribution during tissue permeabilisation. In the model an S-shaped dependency between(More)
In cell culture the cytotoxicity of some anticancer drugs, especially bleomycin, can be greatly enhanced by exposing cells to non-cytotoxic electric pulses. Nude or conventional mice bearing subcutaneous transplanted tumours were treated with intramuscular doses of bleomycin followed by local delivery of electric pulses similar to those used in vitro.(More)
One of the ways to potentiate antitumor effectiveness of chemotherapeutic drugs is by local application of short intense electric pulses. This causes an increase of the cell membrane permeability and is called electropermeabilization. In order to study the course of tissue permeabilization of a subcutaneous tumor in small animals, a mathematical model was(More)
Electrochemotherapy is a technique where electric pulses in combination with chemotherapeutic agents are applied to tumor cells. In general, patients find electrochemotherapy tolerable, in spite of unpleasant sensations associated with contraction of muscles located beneath or in the vicinity of the electrodes. These contractions are due to the intensity of(More)
In vivo electroporation is increasingly being used to deliver small molecules as well as DNA to tissues. The aim of this study was to quantitatively investigate in vivo electroporation of skeletal muscle, and to determine the threshold for permeabilization. We designed a quantitative method to study in vivo electroporation, by measuring uptake of(More)