Lloyd Russell

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BACKGROUND Several risk factors for patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) have now been identified. These include age, comorbid disease, nutritional status, loss of residual renal function (RRF) and high peritoneal solute transport. This is not the same, however, as knowing what actually happens to these patients, particularly in the long-term. The(More)
Comorbidity, urea kinetics (Kt/V and normalized protein catabolic rate), dietary protein, total calorie intake, and plasma albumin were measured in 97 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients followed prospectively for 30 months. Comorbid disease was graded severe in 12 patients, intermediate in 29, and absent in 56. At entry to the study(More)
The dyslipidemia of chronic renal failure may worsen after the commencement of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The purpose of this study was to relate baseline and longitudinal changes in the lipid profile to anthropometrics (weight, mid-arm circumference), aspects of treatment (albumin, total protein losses, peritoneal solute transport(More)
Dietary protein and calorie intake, protein catabolism and peritoneal kinetics were measured in 97 CAPD patients to establish the effect of peritoneal glucose absorption on appetite and survival. There was a large variability in the number of calories obtained from the dialysate, mean 5.89 cal/kg (median 5.43 cal/kg), with a skewed distribution, due to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a comparison of two methods of dietary assessment in patients on peritoneal dialysis. DESIGN Comparative, cross-sectional study of two methods of dietary assessment (3-day diet diary and 24-hour recall). Data was collected simultaneously by a single experienced dietitian. Each assessment was coded and analyzed blind. SETTING(More)
Editor's Note: These short, critical reviews of recent papers in the Journal, written exclusively by graduate students or postdoctoral fellows, are intended to summarize the important findings of the paper and provide additional insight and commentary. For more information on the format and purpose of the Journal Club, please see Review of Ko et al. The(More)
It is increasingly clear that peritoneal membrane transport status has clinical implications. The role of the peritoneum in dialysis delivery becomes paramount once residual renal function is lost, particularly as the membrane characteristics may change for the worse with time on treatment. These findings have several important implications: Clinicians need(More)
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