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Understanding how the immune system affects cancer development and progression has been one of the most challenging questions in immunology. Research over the past two decades has helped explain why the answer to this question has evaded us for so long. We now appreciate that the immune system plays a dual role in cancer: It can not only suppress tumor(More)
A growing number of human tumor antigens have been described that can be recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted fashion. Serological screening of cDNA expression libraries, SEREX, has recently been shown to provide another route for defining immunogenic human tumor antigens. The detection(More)
Lymphocytes were originally thought to form the basis of a 'cancer immunosurveillance' process that protects immunocompetent hosts against primary tumour development, but this idea was largely abandoned when no differences in primary tumour development were found between athymic nude mice and syngeneic wild-type mice. However, subsequent observations that(More)
The capacity of immunity to control and shape cancer, that is, cancer immunoediting, is the result of three processes that function either independently or in sequence: elimination (cancer immunosurveillance, in which immunity functions as an extrinsic tumour suppressor in naive hosts); equilibrium (expansion of transformed cells is held in check by(More)
We have reviewed our laboratory's efforts to establish continuous human renal cancer cell lines. During the 16-year period of 1972 through 1987, 498 successive attempts resulted in establishment of 63 renal cancer cell lines. Of these lines, 46 were derived from primary kidney tumors and 17 from metastatic sites (lung, brain, bone, and lymph node).(More)
Evidence is growing for both humoral and cellular immune recognition of human tumor antigens. Antibodies with specificity for antigens initially recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), e.g., MAGE and tyrosinase, have been detected in melanoma patient sera, and CTLs with specificity for NY-ESO-1, a cancer-testis (CT) antigen initially identified by(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this research was to determine the safety, immunogenicity, pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and tumor uptake of repeat infusions of a complementarity-determining region grafted humanized antibody (sibrotuzumab) directed against human fibroblast activation protein (FAP). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A Phase I open-label dose escalation(More)
  • K Mishima, T G Johns, +9 authors W K Cavenee
  • 2001
A mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (variously called DeltaEGFR, de2-7 EGFR, or EGFRvIII) containing a deletion of 267 amino acids of the extracellular domain is frequently highly expressed in human malignant gliomas and has been reported for cancers of the lung, breast, and prostate. We tested the efficacy of a novel monoclonal anti-DeltaEGFR(More)
Serological analysis of a recombinant lung cancer cDNA expression library with the autologous patient serum led to the isolation of 20 clones representing 12 different genes: 4 of these were known genes, and the other 8 were previously unknown genes. Of the four known genes, aldolase A (NY-LU-1), previously shown to be overexpressed in lung cancer, was most(More)
PURPOSE To determine the in vivo characteristics of huA33, a CDR-grafted humanized antibody against the A33 antigen, we have conducted an open-label, dose escalation, biopsy-based phase I trial of huA33 in patients with colorectal carcinoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with colorectal carcinoma were infused with [131I]huA33 (400 MBq: 10 mCi) and(More)