Lloyd H. Burckle

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Wind-driven upwelling in the ocean around Antarctica helps regulate the exchange of carbon dioxide (CO2) between the deep sea and the atmosphere, as well as the supply of dissolved silicon to the euphotic zone of the Southern Ocean. Diatom productivity south of the Antarctic Polar Front and the subsequent burial of biogenic opal in underlying sediments are(More)
Sea-ice microflora was collected from December 1971 to November 1972 from a variety of types of sea ice in the vicinity of Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Sixty-seven identifiable species of diatoms, one silicoflagellate and several archaeomonads were recoverd from the ice. Of these, only 24 diatoms and the archaeomonads were considered(More)
The first occurrence of deep-sea Lower Cretaceous (Albian) sediments in the Pacific Ocean is reported from the Shatsky Rise at 31 degrees 51'N, 157 degrees 20'E. Seismic-profile records indicate that the core was taken between the extensive seismic reflectors A and B. Two hundred meters of unconsolidated sediment lies between the core site and basement (B)(More)
Three records of oxygen isotopes in biogenic silica from deep-sea sediment cores from the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean reveal the presence of isotopically depleted diatomaceous opal in sediment from the last glacial maximum. This depletion is attributed to the presence of lids of meltwater that mixed with surface water along certain(More)
Valve abundances of marine planktonic, marine benthic and freshwater diatoms in 780 sediment surface samples from the North and Equatorial Atlantic between 20° S 75° W and 70° N 10° E display patterns that do not correspond to published records of primary production in the photic zone. On the contrary, their abundance is more closely related to dissolution(More)
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