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Recent morphological and functional studies on the circle of Willis suggest that the areas of supply of the six major cerebral arteries show a considerable variation in distribution, in contrast to the relatively consistent pattern generally accepted; therefore, the cortical and intracerebral distribution of the territories of these arteries was(More)
The cellular localization and viral transcription patterns of acute and latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections of human sensory nerve ganglia were studied by in situ hybridization and compared with those of latent herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. Trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia obtained at autopsy were hybridized with 35S-labeled(More)
We used in situ hybridization to study the expression of herpes simplex virus type 1 genes during latent infections of human sensory ganglia. Trigeminal ganglia were recovered at autopsy from 24 subjects with no evidence of an active herpetic infection. These ganglia were hybridized to 35S-labeled single-stranded RNA probes spanning 72 percent of the herpes(More)
We tested, in the dog, the hypothesis that selective deep hypothermia (19 degrees to 12 degrees C) of the spinal cord protects it from the ischemia that follows double aortic cross-clamping. The extracorporal perfusion system consisted of heat exchanger and a pump, infusing saline solution at 5 degrees C into the subarachnoid space (L-6) and draining it(More)
Although the mechanisms governing EC activation are not well understood, evidence points to a role for locally released cytokines from activated leukocytes. We propose that the sequence of events that result in EC activation are important in perivascular leukocyte infiltration into the CNS seen in MS. In the present study we examined expression of EC(More)
Previous studies with a panel of myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific human T-cell clones suggested a clustering of epitopes in the middle and at the C terminus of the molecule. The current study demonstrates that 19 of 40 clones recognize a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues 152 to 170 of the human MBP molecule and that 9 clones recognize a(More)
Human pineal glands obtained from 77 post-mortem sources from various age groups and times of death were used to examine the 24-hour cycle of serotonin (5-HT), melatonin, N-acetylserotonin (NAS), and beta adrenoceptor density. Pineal glands were divided sagittally and a single half was used to measure 5-HT, NAS, and melatonin concentrations, while the(More)
The foramen caecum (FC) is a triangular-shaped fossa situated in the midline on the base of the brain stem, at the pontomedullary junction. Although this area is known to have a very high concentration of brainstem perforating vessels, its microvascular anatomy has not been studied in detail. The purpose of this study was to detail the microvasculature of(More)
The ability of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) to establish latency in and reactivate from sacral dorsal root sensory ganglia is the basis for recurrent genital herpes. The expression of HSV-2 genes in latently infected human sacral ganglia was investigated by in situ hybridization. Hybridizations with a probe from the long repeat region of HSV-2(More)
This study examined the effect of aging on the relative number of dopamine (DA) nerve terminals in human caudate nucleus, their content of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein, and the relative abundance of TH monomers with different molecular weights. Preliminary studies on brain tissue cryopreservation, performed with rat striatum, indicated that intact(More)