Ljubica M Harhaji

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The mechanisms underlying the cytotoxic action of pure fullerene suspension (nano-C60) and water-soluble polyhydroxylated fullerene [C60(OH)n] were investigated. Crystal violet assay for cell viability demonstrated that nano-C60 was at least three orders of magnitude more toxic than C60(OH)n to mouse L929 fibrosarcoma, rat C6 glioma, and U251 human glioma(More)
Although astrocytes presumably participate in maintaining the immune privilege of the central nervous system (CNS), the mechanisms behind their immunoregulatory properties are still largely undefined. In this study, we describe the development of regulatory T cells upon contact with astrocytes. Rat T cells pre-incubated with astrocytes completely lost the(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine of the innate immune system that plays a major role in the induction of immunoinflammatory responses. To examine the role of endogenous MIF in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (TID) we evaluated the effects of administration of neutralizing anti-MIF antibodies to NOD mice with(More)
The influence of environmental pH on the production of tumoricidal free radical nitric oxide (NO) was investigated in mouse fibrosarcoma L929 and rat glioma C6 cell lines. A combination of IFN-gamma and IL-1 induced a significant NO release and subsequent reduction of cell viability in tumor cell lines. Acidification of cell culture medium reduced tumor(More)
Using the rat glioma cell line C6 and the human glioma cell line U251, we demonstrate the multiple mechanisms underlying the in vitro anticancer effects of the C(60) fullerene water suspension (nano-C(60) or nC(60)) produced by solvent exchange method. Nano-C(60) in a dose-dependent manner reduced the tumor cell numbers after 24 h of incubation. The(More)
In the present study, we compared the effects of nanocrystalline fullerene suspension (nanoC(60)) on tumour cell growth in vitro and in vivo. NanoC(60) suspension was prepared by solvent exchange using tetrahydrofuran to dissolve C(60). In vitro, nanoC(60) caused oxidative stress, mitochondrial depolarization and caspase activation, leading to apoptotic and(More)
Because of the ability to induce cell death in certain conditions, the fullerenes (C(60)) are potential anticancer and toxic agents. The colloidal suspension of crystalline C(60) (nano-C(60), nC(60)) is extremely toxic, but the mechanisms of its cytotoxicity are not completely understood. By combining experimental analysis and mathematical modelling, we(More)
We demonstrate the capacity of an herbal anthraquinone aloe emodin to reduce the cytotoxicity of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) towards L929 mouse fibrosarcoma and U251 human glioma cell lines. Aloe emodin inhibited both TNF-induced cell necrosis and apoptosis, but it did not reduce cell death induced by UV radiation or hydrogen(More)
We investigated the effect of gamma-irradiation on the cytotoxicity of pure C60 solubilized in water by using tetrahydrofuran (THF/n-C60 or THF/n-C60). In contrast to THF/n-C60, its gamma-irradiated counterpart failed to generate oxygen radicals and cause extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-dependent necrotic cell death in various types of mammalian(More)
The present study identifies xanthones gentiakochianin and gentiacaulein as the active principles responsible for the in vitro antiglioma action of ether and methanolic extracts of the plant Gentiana kochiana. Gentiakochianin and gentiacaulein induced cell cycle arrest in G(2)/M and G(0)/G(1) phases, respectively, in both C6 rat glioma and U251 human glioma(More)