Ljiljana Hadnadjev

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INTRODUCTION Osteoporosis is seen in some 12-50 % patients with liver cirrhosis. Detrimental effects of alcohol are exerted directly on the bone cells and indirectly on hormones. Vitamin D is involved in osteoblast differentiation, bone matrix synthesis and bone mineralization, as well as in its decomposition. Vitamin D deficiency has been reported in about(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is the most frequent infection in humans. It is assumed that over 50% of total world population suffer from this infection. Chronic gastritis is the most usual consequence of this infection. Development of peptic ulcer appears in case of 10 to 20 percent of infected people with the increased risk of malignancy. In the group of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Portal hypertension (PH) is hemodynamical abnormality associated with the most serious complications of alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC): ascites, varices and variceal bleeding. The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of portal hypertension, especially of upper gastrointestinal bleedings in patients with alcoholic liver(More)
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