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A multiple baseline design across observed students and teachers was used to investigate the relationship between observations by participant observers and changes in the behavior of those observed ("observee" reactivity) and the observers (observer-mediator reactivity). Two teachers recorded consecutively the appropriate student verbalizations of four(More)
Three cases of elderly depressed patients with symptoms of tardive dyskinesia (TD) subsequently treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are presented. These cases are discussed in relation to several cases reported in the literature of ECT and TD. The possibility of improvement in symptoms of TD in certain patients is discussed.