Lizhu Chen

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Microneedles were first conceptualized for drug delivery many decades ago, overcoming the shortages and preserving the advantages of hypodermic needle and conventional transdermal drug-delivery systems to some extent. Dissolving and biodegradable microneedle technologies have been used for transdermal sustained deliveries of different drugs and vaccines.(More)
AIMS To evaluate the performance of EZSCAN as a screening tool for impaired glucose metabolism (IGM), including impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose and undiagnosed diabetes in a Chinese population. METHODS 876 subjects participated in the study. All subjects underwent tests of EZSCAN, glycated hemoglobin, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and(More)
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common group of major birth defects. Presently there are no clinically used biomarkers for prenatally detecting CHDs. Here, we performed a comprehensive maternal serum proteomics assessment, combined with immunoassays, for the discovery of non-invasive biomarkers for prenatal diagnosis of CHDs. A total of 370(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Reduction in serum placental growth factor (PLGF) frequently co-occurs with preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Recently, we reported that impairment in gestational beta-cell mass growth may result from PE-associated reduction in PLGF and lead to development of GDM. Here, we studied the underlying mechanisms. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Reduced increase in serum placental growth factor (PLGF) levels frequently occurs in patients with pre-eclampsia (PE) and thus has been used as a predictive factor for developing PE. However, it has remained elusive how shortage of PLGF could affect pancreatic endocrine homoeostasis and function in pregnancy to lead to development of gestational(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of 4-D echocardiography with inversion mode and spatiotemporal image correlation (IM-STIC) in the detection of normal and abnormal fetal hearts. We retrospectively studied 112 normal fetuses and 16 fetuses with a confirmed diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Two volumes were acquired from each of the fetuses(More)
BACKGROUND In previous studies, we found that the deficiency of sensory and motor neurons was a primary defect associated with the spinal malformation. Upon prenatal treatment of spina bifida through in utero stem cell transplantation in a retinoic acid-induced spina bifida rat model, we found that the mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) survived, migrated, and(More)
We report the prenatal diagnosis of 6 cases of Prune-belly syndrome in the 2(nd) trimester. The sonographic diagnosis was based on the findings of oligohydramnios, renal anomalies, and a lower abdominal cystic mass representing the abnormal dilatation of the bladder on conventional 2-dimensional sonographic examination. We discuss the role of Doppler(More)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are ubiquitous and coexisted in the aquatic environment. Individual and combined toxic effects of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) and 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) on embryogenesis, and larval survival of the Pacific oyster were investigated. The EC50 values of BaP, BDE-47 and their mixture on embryogenesis were 18.4,(More)
An integrative biomarker approach was employed to evaluate the environmental quality of the north coast of Shandong Peninsula along the southern Bohai Sea of China, where pollution is an imminent threat due to rapid urbanization and industrialization. A battery of biomarkers and the metal bioaccumulation in tissues of native oyster Crassostrea gigas were(More)