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OBJECTIVES The objective of the present study was to evaluate short- and mid-term outcomes of the left subclavian artery (LSA) chimney stent implantation (LSACSI) during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), and to summarize our experience with this technique. METHODS From June 2010 to September 2012, 59 patients (49 men; mean age of 57.4 ± 13.3(More)
This paper presents the design consideration of high order digital AZ modulators used as modulus controller for fractional-N frequency synthesizer. A third-order MASH structure (MASH 1-2) is designed and implemented which allows for the input to operate over 75% of the input adder capacity. The number of the output levels is reduced to two bits. The circuit(More)
BACKGROUND The haplotypes in the gene vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) have been found to affect warfarin dose response through effects on the formation of reduced-form vitamin K, a cofactor for gamma-carboxylation of vitamin K-dependent proteins, which is involved in the coagulation cascade and has a potential impact on(More)
OBJECTIVE The optimal surgical repair for patients with Marfan syndrome with type A dissection involving the aortic arch is controversial. We retrospectively reviewed our experience of total arch replacement combined with stented elephant trunk implantation for patients with Marfan syndrome with type A dissection. METHODS Between April 2003 and September(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical management of acute type A dissection with the tear in the descending aorta is challenging because of the technical difficulty in managing proximal and distal aortic lesions through a median sternotomy or lateral thoracotomy using a single-stage procedure. METHODS Thirty-three patients with acute type A dissection with the tear in the(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate surgical management of type A dissection is a critical factor for achieving satisfactory outcome, but the choice of optimal procedure is controversial. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with aortic arch replacement for type A dissection involving the arch. METHODS AND RESULTS Excluding 14 cases of subtotal or total aortic(More)
BACKGROUND Continued debates exist regarding the optimal temperature during hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) in aortic arch repair for patients with type A aortic dissection (TAAD). This study seeks to examine whether the use of moderate HCA in emergency aortic arch surgery provides comparable operative outcomes to deep HCA for patients with acute TAAD.(More)
BACKGROUND Prosthetic valve detachment after aortic valve replacement and pseudoaneurysm formation are the most important postoperative complications in patients with Takayasu arteritis with aortic regurgitation. We reviewed our experience of surgical treatment of aortic regurgitation in patients with Takayasu disease. METHODS Between November 1997 and(More)
BACKGROUND Optimizing treatment outcomes for depression requires understanding of how evidence-based treatments are utilized in clinical practice. Antipsychotic medications concurrent with antidepressant treatment are frequently used in major depression, but few studies have investigated trends and patterns of their use over time. This study aimed to(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with acute type A dissection, it is controversial whether to use a more aggressive strategy with extended aortic replacement to improve long-term outcome or to use a conventional strategy with limited ascending aortic or hemiarch replacement to circumvent a life-threatening situation. METHODS Between April 2003 and June 2007, 107(More)