Lizette Stevenson

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Peer norms influence the adoption of behavior changes to reduce risk for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. By experimentally intervening at a community level to modify risk behavior norms, it may be possible to promote generalized reductions in HIV risk practices within a population. METHODS We trained persons reliably(More)
Whereas some people appear to cope after learning that they have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, others experience depression and suicidal ideation. In this study, 142 persons with HIV infection were administered the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). High levels of depression were predicted by lower perceived social(More)
OBJECTIVE There is growing concern that chronic mentally ill adults living in the community have a high risk for HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to identify risk knowledge, high-risk behaviors, and risk-related encounters of chronic psychiatric outpatients. METHOD Detailed information on high-risk behaviors and risk-related situations during(More)
HIV prevalence is alarmingly high among persons with serious mental illness and severely mentally ill adults frequently engage in high-risk behavior practices. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a small-group HIV risk reduction intervention offered to 189 men and women in outpatient programs for severely mentally ill adults. Participants screened for(More)
HIV prevention research interventions usually follow protocols with specific procedures. If a community-delivered intervention uses the same procedures with the same populations as those in the original research, the behavior change effects should be similar. However, community-based providers may not replicate an intervention exactly as it was conducted in(More)
OBJECTIVES It is critical to extend community-level acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention efforts beyond education alone and to develop models that better encourage behavioral changes. Gay men in small cities are vulnerable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection due to continued high rates of risk behavior. This research introduced(More)
OBJECTIVE Although many studies have documented patterns of emotional distress in persons with HIV disease, there have been few controlled evaluations of therapy outcomes with these individuals. This research evaluated the effects of brief cognitive-behavioral or social support group therapy with this population. METHOD Sixty-eight depressed men with HIV(More)
This study assessed the programmes, resources, and needs of HIV-prevention nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in 75 countries in Africa, Central/Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. Multiple databases and expert recommendations were used to identify one major HIV-prevention NGO in the capital or a large city in each country,(More)
Nearly 6,000 men entering gay bars in 16 small American cities were anonymously surveyed to assess their sexual behavior and to determine predictors of risky sexual practices. Excluding individuals in long-term exclusive relationships, 27% of the men reported engaging in unprotected anal intercourse in the past 2 months. Factors strongly predictive of risk(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a community-level HIV prevention intervention that used peer leaders to endorse risk reduction among gay men. METHODS A mathematical model of HIV transmission was used to translate reported changes in sexual behavior into an estimate of the number of HIV infections averted. RESULTS The(More)