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The multiple sleep latency test and the maintenance of wakefulness test were administered on the same day to 258 consecutive patients whose clinical presentation required evaluation for excessive sleepiness. While the MSLT is the standard test for assessing excessive daytime sleepiness, the MWT may have some clinical advantage over the MSLT when the(More)
AIMS The efficacy of anthracyclines is undermined by potential life-threatening cardiotoxicity. Cardiotoxicity is dependent upon several factors and the timing to its development is variable. Moreover, as adjuvant therapy with trastuzumab often follows, a close monitoring of cardiac function in those treated with anthracyclines is mandatory. Left(More)
Left atrial (LA) volume has recently been identified as a potential biomarker for cardiac and cerebrovascular disease. However, evidence regarding the prognostic implications of LA volume still remains unclear. Evaluation of LA size and function using traditional and more recent echocardiographic parameters is potentially feasible in the routine clinical(More)
We sought the correlation between duration of myocardial ischemia and severe left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (restrictive filling pattern [RFP]) in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Duration of ischemia determines infarct size and survival after STEMI. However, the impact of duration of ischemia on LV diastolic(More)
AIM To evaluate left atrial (LA) volume and function as assessed by strain and strain rate derived from 2D speckle tracking and their association with diastolic dysfunction (DD) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS AND RESULTS Seventy three patients with DM were compared with age- and gender-matched normal controls; 30 patients with DM alone(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate left atrial volume and its changes with the phases (active and passive) of atrial filling, and to examine the effect of normal aging on these parameters and pulmonary vein (PV) flow patterns. BACKGROUND Atrial volume change with normal aging has not been adequately described. Pulmonary vein flow patterns(More)
AIMS This study applies pulsed wave Doppler tissue imaging and colour Doppler tissue imaging to study changes in atrial function with ageing. We tested the following hypotheses: (1) pulsed wave Doppler tissue imaging can detect global changes of left atrial function associated with ageing similar to standard echocardiographic methods, (2) colour Doppler(More)
AIMS The benefits from anthracycline chemotherapy are undermined by potentially life-threatening cardiotoxicity. Transthoracic echocardiography is the most commonly used method for monitoring cardiotoxicity, and centres on the measurement of left ventricular systolic function. The aim of this study was to utilize two-dimensional speckle tracking(More)
Subaortic stenosis is rare in the middle-aged adult. Its association with tetralogy of Fallot is extremely rare. We report two middle-aged patients, presenting three decades after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot, with the rare association of subaortic stenosis. The clinical presentation in each patient mimicked residual pulmonary stenosis and(More)
OBJECTIVES Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common echocardiographic finding; however, there is no simple accurate method for quantification. The aim of this study was to develop an easily measured screening variable for hemodynamically significant MR. BACKGROUND The added regurgitant volume in MR increases the left atrial to left ventricular gradient,(More)