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BACKGROUND MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) has been reported to be a tumour suppressor gene. However, whether it has a role in the growth of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and what is its target involved in the tumour growth is still under investigation. METHODS NSCLC tissue sample, NSCLC cell lines and tissue microarray were investigated in this study. Total RNA,(More)
The endothelium responsible for the blood-brain barrier to hydrophilic solutes has been converted here, by chemical means, to the fenestrated, permeable type of vessel (FV). During development, some brain vessels are reported to be transiently fenestrated. Endothelial fenestrae of adrenal glands are known to be reinduced in vitro by retinoic acid (RA) or(More)
The afferent and efferent connections of the dorsal tegmental nucleus (DTN) were studied in the rat using axoplasmic transport techniques. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and Fast Blue were injected stereotaxically into either pars centralis or pars ventromedialis of the DTN, two subdivisions of the nucleus with distinctive connections. The pars centralis is(More)
When infected with a virus containing the Kirsten-ras oncogene, rat phaeochromocytoma or PC12 cells elaborated neurites and ceased mitosis, that is, they underwent neuronal differentiation. Such differentiated cells could be replaced and maintained up to 20 weeks in vitro without the need of an exogenous, continuous supply of nerve growth factor (NGF). The(More)
Attempts were made to identify vestibular (VEN) and cochlear (CEN) efferent neurons in the squirrel monkey using retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and immunocytochemical methods. HRP implants in the ampulla of the lateral semicircular duct retrogradely labeled cells of VEN bilaterally and some cells of CEN. VEN located lateral to the(More)
The hypothesis, that a blood vessel's phenotype is determined by the tissue it vascularizes and not by the vessel's source, does not hold for tissue beyond a certain period of development. In mature skeletal muscle grafted to choroid plexus of adult and 2-week-old rats, some vessels were choroidal or fenestrated (FV) rather than, according to the(More)
Precise spatiotemporal epigenetic regulation of the genome facilitates species-typical development; sexual differentiation of the brain by gonadal hormones and sex chromosomes causes extensive epigenetic reprogramming of many cells in the body, including the brain, and may indirectly predispose males and females to different psychiatric conditions. We and(More)
Precise regulation of the epigenome during perinatal development is critical to the formation of species-typical behavior later in life. Recent data suggests that Gadd45b facilitates active DNA demethylation by recruiting proteins involved in base excision repair (BER), which will catalyze substitution of 5-methyl-cytosine (5mC) for an unmodified cytosine.(More)
An autograft of skeletal muscle on rat dorsal medulla is a permanent opening in the blood-brain barrier to solutes. Is the graft also a site for the entry of exogenous, isogeneic leukocytes? Five weeks after inserting the graft, peritoneal macrophages (M phi) from inbred Fischer rats were activated by phorbol myristate acetate, labeled with a fluorescent(More)
Neuronal cells from established cell lines can offer a well-characterized source of cells for transplantation to the brain that is an alternative to fetal neurons. The infection of members of the PC12 cell line with a retrovirus containing ras-oncogene leads to their neuronal differentiation without the need of nerve growth factor (NGF). We find that(More)