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Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) can promote cancer initiation and progression by releasing cytokines. Previously, we have found the density of TAMs correlated with lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the mechanisms of how TAMs promote PTC progression remain unclear. In this study, we first showed that the TAMs density in(More)
Activating rearranged during transfection (RET) mutations function as the initiating causative mutation for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A). However, no conclusive findings regarding the non-RET genetic events have been reported. This is the first study, to our knowledge, examining genomic alterations in matched MEN2A-associated tumors. We(More)
Novel naphthalimides with two heterocyclic side chains of 2-nitroimidazole for bioreductive binding were designed, synthesized, and used as fluorescent markers for hypoxic cells. Their evaluation for imaging tumor hypoxia was carried out in V79 cells, CHO cells, and 95D cells in vitro by using fluorescence scan ascent. A2 and A4 showed a very large(More)
BACKGROUND For patients with active moderate-to-severe Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), a course of 4.5 g iv glucocorticoids (GCs) is the recommended therapy. The weekly protocol is preferred because of the potential safety concerns with the daily protocol. However, evidence for the superiority of different administration protocols is lacking. METHODS We(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) insensitivity occurs commonly in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), and GC therapy is associated with major adverse effects. A reliable and easily accessible biomarker is required to predict the outcome of GC therapy. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of circulating microRNA (miRNA) to predict GC insensitivity in GO patients. A(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that smoking is closely related to the occurrence, severity and response to orbital radiation in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The aim of this study was to investigate whether smoking impacts the response to intravenous 4.5 g methylprednisolone therapy in patients with active moderate-to-severe GO. METHODS Ninety-two(More)
The genomic alterations for benign thyroid nodule, especially adenomatoid nodule, one of the most common types of hyperplasia lesion, are ill-studied. Here, we show whole-exome sequencing and/or transcriptome sequencing data on adenomatoid nodules with or without coincidental papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Somatic mutation of BRAF (22/32) is only(More)
miRNAs have been involved in various types of cancer, including T-cell leukemia. In this study, the role of miR-1193 in the proliferation and invasion of T-cell leukemia cells was explored. First, we found that miR-1193 was sharply downregulated in T-cell leukemia cells when compared with normal T cells. miR-1193 markedly decreased the proliferation and(More)
Novel bioreductive and long-wavelength fluorescent markers for hypoxic cells in solid tumor, 9-isocyano-8H-acenaphtho[l,2-b]pyrrol-8-one with the side chain of 2-nitroimidazole, were designed, synthesized, and evaluated in V79 379A Chinese hamster cells in vitro. Compounds A(2) and A(4) showed good hypoxic-oxic fluorescence differential in vitro (V79 cells)(More)
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