Liyuan Ma

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A new method that utilizes matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry and exploits the hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange properties of proteins was developed for measuring the thermodynamic properties of protein-ligand complexes in solution. Dissociation constants (Kd values) determined by the method for five model protein-ligand(More)
A major issue of X-ray radiation therapy is that normal cells can be damaged, limiting the amount of X-rays that can be safely delivered to a tumor. This paper describes a new method based on graphene oxide (GO) to protect normal cells from oxidative damage by removing free radicals generated by X-ray radiation using grapheme oxide (GO). A variety of(More)
An unmet need is to develop covert barcodes that can be used to track-trace objects, and authenticate documents. This paper describes a new nanoparticle-based covert barcode system, in which a selected panel of solid-to-liquid phase change nanoparticles with discrete and sharp melting peaks is added in a variety of objects such as explosive derivative,(More)
—The definition of circuit maintenance is presented, and its characteristics are analyzed in contrast against generic mechanical equipment virtual maintenance. Three different types of models in complex circuit virtual maintenance system are concluded: geometrical model, computing model, and interoperable model. The definitions and construction methods of(More)
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