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This study assessed the accuracy of surface-measured OpenSim-derived tibiofemoral kinematics in functional activities. Ten subjects with unilateral, isolated grade II PCL deficiency performed level running and stair ascent. A dynamic stereo radiography (DSX) system and a Vicon motion capture system simultaneously measured their knee or lower extremity(More)
A maximum-amplitude-based coarse-to-fine algorithm is proposed with two novel ideas highlighted: adopting the maximum value of the fractional Fourier amplitude spectrum to measure the compactness of a signal, and using a coarse-to-fine strategy to speed up the searching process. The simulation results on synthetic and real signals show the validity of the(More)
This manuscript presents a new subject-specific musculoskeletal dynamic modeling approach that integrates high-accuracy dynamic stereo-radiography (DSX) joint kinematics and surface-based full-body motion data. We illustrate this approach by building a model in OpenSim for a patient who participated in a meniscus transplantation efficacy study,(More)
The Hough transform (HT) is a commonly used technique for the identification of straight lines in an image. The Hough transform can be equivalently computed using the Radon transform (RT), by performing line detection in the frequency domain through use of central-slice theorem. In this research, an advanced Radon transform is developed using a multilayer(More)
Availability of accurate three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of lumbar vertebrae is necessary to understand normal and pathological biomechanics of the lumbar spine. Due to the technical challenges of imaging the lumbar spine motion in vivo, it has been difficult to obtain comprehensive, 3D lumbar kinematics during dynamic functional tasks. The present study(More)
Biomechanical analyses of the head and neck system require knowledge of neck muscle forces, which are often estimated from neck muscle volumes. Here we use magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of 17 subjects (6 females, 11 males) to develop a method to predict the volumes of 16 neck muscles by first predicting the total neck muscle volume (TMV) from subject sex(More)