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The net effect of no-till techniques on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions is inconsistent and poorly quantified in comparison to conventionally tilled farming. This study assesses N2O emissions and yields from paddy fields during the wheat-growing season under conventional and no-till farming, as well as mitigation of N2O evolution using dicyandiamide and(More)
Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV), a plant-infecting reovirus (genus Fijivirus), generally induces virus-containing tubules in infected cells. The nonstructural protein P7-1, encoded by the first open reading frame of segment 7, is involved in forming the structural matrix of these tubules. In experiments to investigate the subcellular localization of(More)
Replication of RNA viruses in insect cells triggers an antiviral defense that is mediated by RNA interference (RNAi) which generates viral-derived small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). However, it is not known whether an antiviral RNAi response is also induced in insects by reoviruses, whose double-stranded RNA genome replication is thought to occur within core(More)
Like other members of the family Reoviridae, rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV, genus Fijivirus) is thought to replicate and assemble within cytoplasmic viral inclusion bodies, commonly called viroplasms. RBSDV P9-1 is the key protein for the formation of viroplasms, but little is known about the other proteins of the viroplasm or the molecular(More)
We recently discovered that C-shaped sub-wavelength (nano) metallic apertures when irradiated at specific resonance frequencies have extraordinary power transmission five to six orders of magnitude beyond what is observed for conventional round or square apertures. These apertures produce optical spot sizes as small as 25-50 nm using visible light in the(More)
Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 (CHV1), associated with the picorna-like superfamily, infects the chestnut blight fungus and attenuates the virulence of the host fungus. The genomic RNA of the virus has two continuous open reading frames, A and B, separated by the pentanucleotide UAAUG. We present here evidence suggesting that ORF B is translated from(More)
A new magnetostriction sensor and an on-line liquid level and density measuring equipment were developed. The operating principle of the measuring equipment with magnetostrictive sensor was described and a multi-floater relative displacement algorithm based on Wiedemann and Viuary effect was brought forward. The effect of density change on liquid level was(More)
The family Reoviridae is one of the largest virus families with genomes composed of 9-12 double-stranded RNA segments. It includes members infecting organisms from protists to humans. It is well known that reovirus genomes are prone to various types of genome alterations including intragenic rearrangement and reassortment under laboratory and natural(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin A can have a positive impact on growth and development of children, but vitamin A deficiency (VAD) was found to be a public health problem in Zhejiang Province, China in 1998. There have been no studies on this topic in Zhejiang Province recently. This study was designed to evaluate the serum retinol levels of children aged 0~4 years in(More)
An isocratic reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method with UV detection is developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of ketamine, xylazine, and midazolam in canine plasma. Analytes are extracted from alkalinized samples into diethyl ether-methylene chloride (7:3, v:v) using single-step liquid-liquid extraction.(More)