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The basic helix-loop-helix-Per-ARNT-Sim-proteins hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and HIF-2alpha are the principal regulators of the hypoxic transcriptional response. Although highly related, they can activate distinct target genes. In this study, the protein domain and molecular mechanism important for HIF target gene specificity are determined. We(More)
While the functions of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α)/aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) and HIF2α/ARNT (HIF2) proteins in activating hypoxia-inducible genes are well established, the role of other transcription factors in the hypoxic transcriptional response is less clear. We report here for the first time that the basic(More)
Chromatin remodeling is an active process, which represses or enables the access of transcription machinery to genes in response to external stimuli, including hypoxia. However, in hypoxia, the specific requirement, as well as the molecular mechanism by which the chromatin-remodeling complexes regulate gene expression, remains unclear. In this study, we(More)
UNLABELLED Adrenomedullin (ADM) is important for tumor angiogenesis, tumor cell growth, and survival. Under normoxic conditions, the ADM gene was found to produce two alternative transcripts, a fully spliced transcript that produces AM and PAMP peptides and intron-3-retaining transcript that produces a less functionally significant PAMP peptide only. ADM is(More)
UNLABELLED Hypoxia is a common characteristic of many solid tumors. The hypoxic microenvironment stabilizes hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1α (HIF1α) and 2α (HIF2α/EPAS1) to activate gene transcription, which promotes tumor cell survival. The majority of human genes are alternatively spliced, producing RNA isoforms that code for functionally(More)
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is important for tumor angiogenesis, tumor cell growth, and survival. Under normoxic conditions, the ADM gene was found to produce two alternative transcripts, a fully spliced transcript that produces AM and PAMP peptides and intron-3–retaining transcript that produces a less functionally significant PAMP peptide only. ADM is a(More)
The HIF1- and HIF2-mediated transcriptional responses play critical roles in solid tumor progression. Despite significant similarities, including their binding to promoters of both HIF1 and HIF2 target genes, HIF1 and HIF2 proteins activate unique subsets of target genes under hypoxia. The mechanism for HIF target gene specificity has remained unclear.(More)
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