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The extracellular alkaline protease in the supernatant of cell culture of the marine yeast Aureobasidium pullulans 10 was purified to homogeneity with a 2.1-fold increase in specific protease activity as compared to that in the supernatant by ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration chromatography (Sephadex™ G-75), and anion-exchange chromatography(More)
Microalgae with high biomass and high lipid content are the ideal feedstock for biodiesel production. To obtain such microalgae, ultraviolet (UV) irradiation was applied to Chlorella sp. to induce mutagenesis. The growth characteristics, total nitrogen (TN), and biochemical compositions of the control and UV mutation strains were analyzed. Compared to the(More)
The restoration of images corrupted by blur and Poisson noise is a key issue in medical and biological image processing. While most existing methods are based on variational models, generally derived from a maximum a posteriori (MAP) formulation, recently sparse representations of images have shown to be efficient approaches for image recovery. Following(More)
BACKGROUND The gene sb401 encoding a lysine-rich protein has been successfully integrated into the genome of maize (Zea mays), its expression showing as increased levels of lysine and total protein in maize seeds. As part of a nutritional assessment of transgenic maize, nutritional composition, especially unintended changes in key nutrients such as(More)
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins are potent neurotoxins mainly produced by dinoflagellates and being concentrated in bivalves through food web transfer. Increasing number of findings of toxin-producing bacteria in the cells of dinoflagellate such as Alexandriumtamarense supports the hypothesis of the bacterial origin of PSP toxins. Evidence that(More)
A water-soluble crude polysaccharide, obtained from fern Pteridium aquilinum, was fractionated by DEAE-Sepharose Fast-Flow column chromatography, and purified by Sephacryl S-400 HR column chromatography. The average molecular weight (M(w)) of the purified polysaccharide (PLP) is 458,000 Da. The monosaccharide components of PLP were characterized by gas(More)
In this study, we report the antibacterial activities of six polyphenols (i.e., luteolin, quercetin, scutellarin, apigenin, chlorogenic acid, and resveratrol) against 29 clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and in vitro antibacterial activities of two-drug combinations. All of the MRSA strains evaluated were clinical(More)
A total of 56 dried vine fruits, including 31 sultanas and 25 currants, were selected from Chinese markets in 2012. All samples were analysed for Ochratoxin A (OTA) using solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. It turned out that 58.9% of the samples were positive and the OTA amount ranged from(More)
In this paper, we propose an unconstrained active contour model combining edge and region information for image segmentation. The new method achieves the segmentation by filternating the regularization term and the data-fidelity term. We use a morphological approach to the regularization term which is the most time-consuming in the energy function. The(More)