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Trauma/hemorrhagic shock is associated with morbidity and mortality due to dysregulated inflammation, which is driven in part by monocytes/macrophages stimulated by injury-induced release of damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules. MRP8/MRP14 is an endogenous DAMP involved in various inflammatory diseases, though its mechanism of action is(More)
Positive selection of CD4+ T cells requires that the TCR of a developing thymocyte interact with self MHC class II molecules on thymic cortical epithelium. In contrast, clonal deletion is mediated by dendritic cells and medullary epithelium. We previously generated K14 mice expressing MHC class II only on thymic cortical epithelium. K14 CD4+ T cells were(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a major component of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome after hemorrhagic shock (HS) resulting from major surgery and trauma. The increased susceptibility in HS patients to the development of ALI suggests not yet fully elucidated mechanisms that enhance proinflammatory responses and/or suppress anti-inflammatory responses in the(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) promotes the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome and organ injury by activating and priming the innate immune system for an exaggerated inflammatory response through, as of yet, unclear mechanisms. IL-1β also plays an important role in the development of post-HS systemic inflammatory response syndrome and active(More)
Monocytes are critical effector cells of the innate immune system that protect the host by migrating to inflammatory sites, differentiating to macrophages and dendritic cells, eliciting immune responses, and killing pathogenic microbes. MCP-1, also known as CCL2, plays an important role in monocyte activation and migration. The chemotactic function of MCP-1(More)
The release of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from bone marrow (BM) is under tight homeostatic control. Under stress conditions, HPCs migrate from BM and egress into circulation to participate in immune response, wound repair, or tissue regeneration. Hemorrhagic shock with resuscitation (HS/R), resulting from severe trauma and major surgery, promotes(More)
One-step self-assembly was used to prepare pH-sensitive lappaconitine-loaded low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH-LA) and to demonstrate that the sulfur group promotes dissolution and has synergistic effect on the analgesic property of lappaconitine (LA). The LMWH-LA was characterized in terms of releasing behavior, pH-sensitivity, analgesic activity and(More)
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