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BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide that has been shown to improve cachexia in heart failure and cancer and to ameliorate the hemodynamic and metabolic disturbances in septic shock. Because cytokine-induced inflammation is critical in these pathological states and because the growth hormone secretagogue receptor has been(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary effluent from an isolated perfused heart undergoing ischemic preconditioning can be transferred to precondition another naïve isolated heart. We investigated the effects of this effluent on mitochondrial integrity and function following a global infarct model of ischemia/reperfusion and the role of adenosine in this model of remote(More)
Blue light regulates many physiological processes in fungi, but their photoreceptors are not known. In Neurospora crassa, all light responses depend on the Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domain-containing transcription factor white collar-1 (wc-1). By removing the WC-1 light, oxygen, or voltage domain, a specialized PAS domain that binds flavin mononucleotide in plant(More)
Ischemic postconditioning (PostC) and perconditioning (PerC) provide practical methods for protecting the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, but their combined effects have not been studied in detail. Using an in vivo rat I/R model, we tested 1) whether additive effects were produced when local PostC was preceded by varying doses of remote(More)
AIMS Preserved mitochondrial function is essential for protection against ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The malate-aspartate (MA) shuttle constitutes the principal pathway for transport of reducing cytosolic equivalents for mitochondrial oxidation. We hypothesized that a transient shut-down of the MA-shuttle by aminooxyacetate (AOA) during ischaemia(More)
OBJECTIVE Remote ischemic preconditioning is known to elicit production of a blood-borne cardioprotective factor that is infarct sparing in models of ischemia-reperfusion injury and myocardial damage reducing after cardiopulmonary bypass in human subjects. The mechanism of protection remains incompletely understood. In this study, we examined effects on(More)
BACKGROUND In the early postoperative period, the neonatal myocardium undergoes sparse apoptotic cell loss ( approximately 1% of myocytes). Because apoptosis is preceded by events associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, the fraction of myocytes with preapoptotic mitochondrial changes has important clinical implications (eg, postoperative myocardial(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening plays a critical role in mediating the mitochondrial response to ischemia/reperfusion injury and initiation of apoptosis. We tested whether inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening with cyclosporine A prevented apoptosis-related alterations in mitochondrial structure and(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening is associated with apoptotic signaling and alterations in mitochondrial structure and function. We tested whether inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening with cyclosporine A preserved mitochondrial structure and function after cardioplegic arrest and whether this(More)
Immune disorder is considered the main pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The balance of the two special subsets of CD4⁺T cells, T helper cell 17 (Th17), and Regulator T cell (Treg) is the key factor of maintaining a normal immune response. Dendritic cells (DCs), which are the most powerful antigen-presenting cells, play(More)