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We define and study metrics and weak metrics on the Teichmüller space of a surface of topologically finite type with boundary. These metrics and weak metrics are associated to the hyperbolic length spectrum of simple closed curves and of properly embedded arcs in the surface. We give a comparison between the defined metrics on regions of Teichmüller space(More)
The prevailing view is that the beta2-integrins Mac-1 (alphaMbeta2, CD11b/CD18) and LFA-1 (alphaLbeta2, CD11a/CD18) serve similar biological functions, namely adhesion, in the leukocyte recruitment cascade. Using real-time and time-lapse intravital video-microscopy and confocal microscopy within inflamed microvessels, we systematically evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe neurodegenerative disease for which there is currently no effective treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether repeated electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation would improve cognitive function and the pathological features of AD in amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin 1 (PS1) double(More)
Normal function of the dopaminergic system is necessary for speech fluency. There was evidence that the activities of dopamine transporter (DAT) and dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) could be altered in people with speech disfluency. This study aims to ascertain the possible correlation between two dopaminergic genes (SLC6A3 and DRD2) and disorder of speech(More)
Electroacupuncture (EA) has demonstrated therapeutic potential for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A previous study reported that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) was upregulated in the brain of patients with AD. In the present study, we investigated the effects of repeated EA administration on reference memory impairment and the role of(More)
Diabetes mellitus substantially increases the risk of stroke and enhances brain’s vulnerability to ischemia insult. Electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment was proved to induce cerebral ischemic tolerance in normal stroke models. Whether EA could attenuate cerebral ischemia injury in diabetic mice and the possible underlying mechanism are still unrevealed.(More)
Leukocyte-specific protein 1 (LSP1), an F-actin binding protein and a major downstream substrate of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase as well as protein kinase C, has been reported to be important in leukocyte chemotaxis. Although its distribution has been thought to be restricted to leukocytes, herein we report that LSP1 is expressed in endothelium and(More)
A novel H-2 gene in which the first external (N) domain of the H-2Ld antigen was replaced with that of the H-2Dd antigen was constructed and introduced into L cells. A transformant expressing the products of the hybrid gene was studied for binding to monoclonal antibodies specific for H-2Ld and H-2Dd antigens. It was found that serological determinants are(More)
We investigated the protective effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on cerebral ischemic injury in diabetic mice, and explored the role of NADPH oxidase-mediated oxidative stress. Male C57BL/6 mice were injected streptozotocin to induce diabetes. The mice were pretreated with EA at acupoint "Baihui" for 30 min. Two hours after the end of EA pretreatment, focal(More)