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Air quality was a vital concern for the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. To strictly control air pollutant emissions and ensure good air quality for the Games, Beijing municipal government announced an "Air Quality Guarantee Plan for the 29th Olympics in Beijing". In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the guarantee plan, this study analyzed the air(More)
Beijing, the capital of China, has experienced rapid motorization since 1990; a trend that is likely to continue. The growth in vehicles and the corresponding emissions create challenges to improving the urban air quality. In an effort to reduce the impact of vehicle emissions on urban air quality, Beijing has adopted a number of vehicle emission control(More)
Multiyear inventories of vehicular emissions in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou from 1995 through 2005 have been developed in this paper to study the vehicle emissions trends in China's mega cities during the past decade. The results show that the vehicular emissions of CO, HC, NO(x) and PM(10) have begun to slow their growth rates and perhaps even to(More)
As vehicle population and activity increase, vehicle emissions are becoming the most predominant source of air pollution in Shanghai, China. It has become important to accurately estimate the traffic emissions in this city. This paper presents a bottom-up approach based on the International Vehicle Emission (IVE) model to develop the vehicle emission(More)
TNF-like ligand 1A (TL1A), a newly identified member of the TNF superfamily, has been proved as an important mediator of inflammation and critically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and several other autoimmune diseases. The aim of our study was to determine the possible role of TL1A in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In this study, serum(More)
PM10 and PM2.5 samples were collected near major roads and at the background locations in Macao using a TEOM1400a+ACCU system. The chemical analysis of these particles indicated the presence of 36 elements, water-soluble ions and carbonaceous species. The greatest contributors to total PM10 and PM2.5 mass were OC, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, EC, Na, Cl and(More)
In China, the health risk from overexposure to particles is becoming an important public health concern. To investigate daily exposure characteristics to PM2.5 with high ambient concentration in urban area, a personal exposure study was conducted for school children, and office workers in Beijing, China. For all participants (N = 114), the mean personal(More)
It is important to develop a general model to accurately simulate the air pollution in urban street areas. In this paper, the Operational Street Pollution Model (OSPM) initially developed in Denmark is tested with measured data from a relatively wide and open street in Beijing. Major factors influencing the dispersion, such as emission factors, stationary(More)
We focus on the problem of scalable shortest path analytics for large social graphs in this paper. While shortest path distance problem has been investigated extensively, massive graphs on social networks such as Facebook and Linked In call for reinvestigation of the problem due to the requirements of scalability and suitability for distributed computing.(More)