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A total of 131 endophytic actinomycete strains were successfully isolated from surface-sterilized banana roots. These isolates belonged to Streptomyces (n=99), Streptoverticillium (n=28), and Streptosporangium (n=2) spp. The remaining 2 isolates were not identified. About 18.3% of the isolates inhibited the growth of pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum f. sp.(More)
China remains by far the largest aquaculture producer in the world. However, biofilms formed by pathogenic Vibrio strains pose serious problems to marine aquaculture. To provide a strategy for biofilm prevention, control, and eradication, extracts from 88 marine actinomycetes were screened. Thirty-five inhibited the biofilm formation of Vibrio harveyi,(More)
To elucidate fungal diversity in methane hydrate-bearing deep-sea marine sediments in the South China Sea, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rRNA genes from five different sediment DNA samples were amplified and phylogenetically analyzed. Total five ITS libraries were constructed and 413 clones selected randomly were grouped into 24 restriction(More)
A dual approach consisting of cultivation and molecular retrieval of actinobacterial 16S rRNA genes was used to characterize the diversity of actinobacterial community inhabiting interior of rice stems and roots. Streptomyces is the most frequently isolated genus from rice stems and roots. Forty-five clones chosen randomly among 250 clones in the 16S rRNA(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential to remove chromium (Cr) from aqueous solutions using the fruiting body of Auricularia polytricha. Batch experiments were conducted under various conditions, and different models were used to characterize the biosorption process. Results showed that, for both fresh and dried fruiting bodies of A.(More)
To take full advantage of biochar as a soil amendment, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of biochar addition on soil bacterial and fungal diversity and community composition. Incubation experiments with a forest soil (a red oxidized loam soil) with and without biochar amendment were conducted for 96 days. The culture-independent(More)
The automated docking program DOCK 5.3.0 was applied to screening for quorum sensing inhibitors (QSIs) of Peudomonus aeruginosa from a database containing 51 active components of Traditional Chinese Medicines with antibacterial activity. Five potential QSIs were revealed by the computer-based virtual screening. The compounds 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 inhibit biofilm(More)
To characterize the alginate lyase produced by rhizosphere Streptomyces, Streptomyces sp. A5 was isolated from banana rhizosphere, and its extracellular lyase was purified to an electrophoretically homogeneous state. The lyase has a molecular mass of 32 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The optimum temperature and(More)
Trichoderma atroviride F6, isolated from decaying feather and resistant to 100 mg l(-1) Cd2+ and 250 mg l(-1) Ni2+, was applied for rhizoremediation of Cd, Ni and Cd-Ni combination contaminated soils through association with Brassica juncea (L.) Coss. var. foliosa. The strain significantly alleviated the cellular toxicity of cadmium and nickel to plants.(More)
To better understand the characteristics of fungal endophytes in the development of effective phytoremediation of heavy metals, the objectives of this study were to isolate a fungal endophyte tolerant Cd and Pb from rape roots grown in a heavy metal-contaminated soil, to characterize the metal-resistant fungal endophyte, and to assess its potential(More)