Andreas Hartmann8
Daniel Alvarez-Fischer7
Etienne C Hirsch6
Carmen Henze4
8Andreas Hartmann
7Daniel Alvarez-Fischer
6Etienne C Hirsch
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Among the pathogenic processes contributing to dopaminergic neuron (DN) death in Parkinson disease (PD), evidence points to non-cell-autonomous mechanisms, particularly chronic inflammation mounted by activated microglia. Yet little is known about endogenous regulatory processes that determine microglial actions in pathological states. We examined the role(More)
Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are an attractive multipotent stem cell source with therapeutic applicability across diverse fields for the repair and regeneration of acute and chronically damaged tissues. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in ADSC for tissue engineering applications. However, the mechanisms underlying the(More)
The study of postmortem human brain tissue remains the basis for the understanding of many CNS disorders and to verify data obtained in experimental studies. So far, however, gene expression profiling in cellular sub-populations derived from human postmortem brain was hampered by several technical drawbacks. Here, we describe a method that allows the(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the human midbrain, which varies greatly among mesencephalic subregions. The genetic expression profiles of mesencephalic DA neurons particularly prone to degenerate during PD (nigrosome 1 within the substantia nigra pars compacta-SNpc) and those particularly resistant in the(More)
  • Carmen Noelker, Lydie Morel, Thomas Lescot, Anke Osterloh, Daniel Alvarez-Fischer, Minka Breloer +9 others
  • 2013
In mammalians, toll-like receptors (TLR) signal-transduction pathways induce the expression of a variety of immune-response genes, including inflammatory cytokines. It is therefore plausible to assume that TLRs are mediators in glial cells triggering the release of cytokines that ultimately kill DA neurons in the substantia nigra in Parkinson disease (PD).(More)
Lewy bodies (LB) are a pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Whether LBs are neuroprotective, cytotoxic, or an age-related epiphenomenon is still debated. In the present study, the genetic fingerprints of mesencephalic dopaminergic (DA) neurons containing LBs versus mesencephalic DA neurons not containing LBs were compared in five PD patients.(More)
Degenerative retinal diseases like age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are the leading cause of blindness. Cell transplantation showed promising therapeutic effect for such diseases, and embryonic stem cell (ESC) is one of the sources of such donor cells. Here, we aimed to generate retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) from rat ESCs (rESCs) and to test their(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that inflammation associated with microglial cell activation in the substantia nigra (SN) of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) is not only a consequence of neuronal degeneration, but may actively sustain dopaminergic (DA) cell loss over time. We aimed to study whether the intracellular chaperone heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60)(More)
  • Daniel Alvarez-Fischer, Michael Grundmann, Lixia Lu, Birgit Samans, Brita Fritsch, J Carsten Möller +4 others
  • 2012
Dystonia has traditionally been considered as a basal ganglia disorder, but there is growing evidence that impaired function of the cerebellum may also play a crucial part in the pathogenesis of this disorder. We now demonstrate that chronic application of kainic acid into the cerebellar vermis of rats results in a prolonged and generalized dystonic motor(More)