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This paper proposes a compiler-automated array compression scheme to reduce the memory bandwidth consumption of programs and thereby to improve their execution speed. Three encoding methods are developed for such compression. Formulas are derived to analyze the cost and benefit of such methods. To ease the programmer's effort for writing and maintaining(More)
The application and nutritional value of vegetable oil is highly dependent on its fatty acid composition, especially the relative proportion of its two major fatty acids, i.e oleic acid and linoleic acid. Microsomal oleoyl phosphatidylcholine desaturase encoded by FAD2 gene is known to introduce a double bond at the Δ12 position of an oleic acid on(More)
The V-shaped hair bundles atop auditory hair cells and their uniform orientation are manifestations of epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP) required for proper perception of sound. PCP is regulated at the tissue level by a conserved core Wnt/PCP pathway. However, the hair cell-intrinsic polarity machinery is poorly understood. Recent findings implicate(More)
Programming network processors is challenging. To sustain high line rates, network processors have extremely tight memory access and instruction budgets. Achieving desired performance has traditionally required hand-coded assembly. Researchers have recently proposed high-level programming languages for packet processing, but the challenges of compiling(More)
A new family of preconditioners for conjugate gradient-like iterative methods applied to large sparse linear least squares problems, min k Ax ? b k 2 , is proposed. The family is based on incomplete Gram-Schmidt (IGS) factorizations of A. Particular attention has been given to the following members of the family: Incomplete Classical Gram-Schmidt (ICGS),(More)
BACKGROUND Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling is a key regulator of epithelial morphogenesis, including neural tube closure and the orientation of inner ear sensory hair cells, and is mediated by a conserved noncanonical Wnt pathway. Ptk7 is a novel vertebrate-specific regulator of PCP, yet the mechanisms by which Ptk7 regulates mammalian epithelial PCP(More)
As the shared memory bus becomes a major performance bottleneck for many numerical applications on multicore chips, understanding how the increased parallelism on chip strains the memory bandwidth and hence affects the efficiency of parallel codes becomes a critical issue. This paper introduces the notion of memory access intensity to facilitate(More)