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High seed vigor is important for agricultural production due to the associated potential for increased growth and productivity. However, a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms is required because the genetic basis for seed vigor remains unknown. We used single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs)(More)
BACKGROUND An understanding of the genetic determinism of photoperiod response of flowering is a prerequisite for the successful exchange of germplasm across different latitudes. In order to contribute to resolve the genetic basis of photoperiod sensitivity in maize, a set of 201 recombinant inbred lines (RIL), derived from a temperate and tropical inbred(More)
BACKGROUND Leaf width is an important agricultural trait in maize. Leaf development is dependent on cell proliferation and expansion, and these processes exhibit polarity with respect to the longitudinal and transverse axes of the leaf. However, the molecular mechanism of the genetic control of seed vigor remains unknown in maize, and a better understanding(More)
BACKGROUND Modifying plant architecture to increase photosynthesis efficiency and reduce shade avoidance response is very important for further yield improvement when crops are grown in high density. Identification of alleles controlling leaf angle in maize is needed to provide insight into molecular mechanism of leaf development and achieving ideal plant(More)
Root architecture is a major factor influencing root lodging, which limits greater yield stability at high planting density. Total brace root tier number (TBRTN) and effective brace root tier number (EBRTN) are the two most important root architecture traits influencing root lodging. However, the genetic mechanisms that underlie these traits remain poorly(More)
Plant height is one of the most heritable traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Understanding the genetic control of plant height is important for elucidating the molecular mechanisms that regulate maize development. To investigate the genetic basis of the plant height response to density in maize, we evaluated the effects of two different plant densities (60,000(More)
TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1) homologs play critical roles in regulating flowering time and/or maintaining flowering of meristems. In this study, the gene of maize TFL1 ortholog ZmTFL1 (ZCN1) was cloned from both the tropical inbred line CML288 and temperate inbred line Huangzao 4, and the function of ZmTFL1 (ZCN1) was determined during different periods of(More)
Flowering is one of the most important steps in the life cycle of a plant. Plants utilize light as a source of information to determine the timing of flowering. Recent molecular genetics studies have implicated phytochrome B (PhyB)-mediated responses to light in the control of floral transition. However, the molecular mechanism by which ZmPhyB2 mediates(More)
Day length is an important environmental factor affecting the growth and development of maize (Zea mays), a short day (SD) plant grown in different latitudes. Leaf has been recognized as the light perceiving and signal producing organ. Under long day (LD) conditions, photoperiod-sensitive induction phase in maize begins at the fourth fully expanded leaf(More)
Photoperiodism refers to the ability of plants to measure day length to determine the season. This ability enables plants to coordinate internal biological activities with external changes to ensure normal growth. However, the influence of the photoperiod on maize flowering and stress responses under long-day (LD) conditions has not been analyzed by(More)