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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the CDC14 gene is essential for cell cycle progression. Strains carrying the cdc14-1(ts) allele enter the cell cycle and arrest at restrictive temperatures. We have identified two human cDNAs encoding proteins which share sequence identity to the yeast CDC14p. The cell cycle arrest in cdc14-1(ts) can be specifically complemented(More)
Inflammatory stimulants such as bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide (LPS)) are known to induce tissue damage and injury partly through the induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although it is recognized that the induction of ROS in macrophages by LPS depends upon the expression and activation of NADPH oxidase, as well as the suppression of(More)
Inflammation has been implicated as an etiological factor in several human cancers. Growing evidence suggests that chronic inflammation may also play a role in the etiology of prostate cancer. Considering that genetic susceptibility is a major risk factor for this disease, we hypothesize that sequence variants in genes that regulate inflammation may modify(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a protein integral to innate immunity, is elevated in skeletal muscle of obese and type 2 diabetic humans and has been implicated in the development of lipid-induced insulin resistance. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of TLR4 as a modulator of basal (non-insulin-stimulated) substrate metabolism in skeletal(More)
Regulatory T (Treg) cells suppress inflammatory immune responses and autoimmunity caused by self-reactive T cells. The key Treg cell transcription factor Foxp3 is downregulated during inflammation to allow for the acquisition of effector T cell-like functions. Here, we demonstrate that stress signals elicited by proinflammatory cytokines and(More)
Being one of the key kinases downstream of Toll-like receptors, IRAK1 has initially thought to be responsible for NFkappaB activation. Yet IRAK1 knock-out mice still exhibit NFkappaB activation upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge, suggesting that IRAK1 may play other un-characterized function. In this report, we show that IRAK1 is mainly involved in(More)
Tollip protein serves as a suppressor of innate immunity signaling with unknown mechanism. In this report, we observed that Tollip preferentially bound with phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P) and phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-phosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P) in vitro. Mutation of lysine 150 to glutamic acid (Tollip(KE)) within the C2 domain abolished such(More)
Stable hydrogen isotopic compositions (δD) of compound-specific biomarkers, such as n-alkanes from plant leaf waxes, can be used as a proxy for paleoclimatic change. However, the relationship between hydrogen isotopes of plant leaf wax and plant ecological life forms is not well understood. Here, we report the δD of n-alkanes from 34 modern terrestrial(More)
Innate monocytes and macrophages can be dynamically programmed into distinct states depending upon the strength of external stimuli. Innate programming may bear significant relevance to the pathogenesis and resolution of human inflammatory diseases. However, systems analyses with regard to the dynamic programming of innate leukocytes are lacking. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation plays an important role in several human cancers and may be involved in the etiology of prostate cancer. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important in the innate immune response to pathogens and in cross-talk between innate immunity and adaptive immunity. Our previous finding of an association of TLR4 gene sequence variants and(More)